pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness
Across this bridge the elves thrust their prisoners, but Bilbo
hesitated in the rear.
unfriendly and inclined toward anger or irritation
surly and angry and did not even pretend to be polite.
cause to become awake or conscious
Did you not three times pursue and trouble my people in the forest and
rouse the spiders with your riot and clamour?
a situation from which extrication is difficult
They all thought their own shares in the treasure (which they quite regarded as theirs, in spite of their
plight and the still unconquered dragon) would suffer seriously if the Wood-elves claimed part of it, and they all trusted Bilbo.
having a strong physiological or chemical effect
It must be
potent wine to make a wood-elf drowsy; but this wine, it would seem, was the heady vintage of the great gardens of Dorwinion, not meant for his soldiers or his servants, but for the king's feasts only, and for smaller bowls, not for the butler's great flagons.
In describing the wine, "potent" and "heady" are synonymous adjectives that lead to drunken sleep (which is very lucky for Bilbo who needs to steal the prison keys and then steal past the guard with the dwarves).
die from lack of oxygen
Thorin had given a lot of trouble, and turned and twisted in his tub and grumbled like a large dog in a small kennel; while Balin, who came last, made a great fuss about his air-holes and said he was stifling, even before his lid was on.
come into rough contact with while moving
He had as much as he could do to prevent himself from being hustled and battered to bits; but at last the jostling crowd began to break up and swing off, one by one, under the stone arch and away.
flow in a circular current, of liquids
The luck turned all right before long: the
eddying current carried several barrels close ashore at one point and there for a while they stuck against some hidden root.
threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
Great floods and rains had swollen the waters that flowed east; and there had been an earthquake or two (which some were inclined to attribute to the dragon--alluding to him chiefly with a curse and an
ominous nod in the direction of the Mountain).
Compare with "foreboding" in the list for Chapters 12-14--both words are used to describe a feeling connected to a dragon (although "foreboding" is used as a noun in the example sentence, it can also be an adjective that is synonymous with "ominous").
become faint or more distant
After a while, however, the river took a more southerly course and the Mountain
receded again, and at last, late in the day the shores grew rocky, the river gathered all its wandering waters together into a deep and rapid flood, and they swept along at great speed.
strike, beat repeatedly
Wet straw was in his draggled beard; he was so sore and stiff, so bruised and
buffeted he could hardly stand or stumble through the shallow water to lie groaning on the shore.
Bruised, buffeted, draggled ("limp and soiled as if dragged in the mud"), and groaning, Thorin does not feel, look, or sound like a leader who's about to take on a dragon. But he recovers quickly from the barrel ride and declares in a loud voice to the guards that he is "Thorin son of Thrain son of Thror King under the Mountain!"
He had a
famished and a savage look like a dog that has been chained and forgotten in a kennel for a week.
walk with great difficulty
In the darkness
floundering in the cold water they had a difficult and very nasty job finding which were the right barrels.
Compare with "blunder" in the list for Chapters 5-8--although the verbs are not synonymous, they are used in similar situations, where movements are made difficult by darkness (here, cold water adds to the difficulty). "Blunder" seems less serious, since it comes from an Old Norse word that means "to doze" while "flounder" is connected to "founder" which means "to sink beneath the water."
wandering aimlessly without ties to a place or community
"These are prisoners of our king that have escaped, wandering
vagabond dwarves that could not give any good account of themselves, sneaking through the woods and molesting our people!"
As seen in the definition and in the Latin root ("vagari" means "to wander"), the phrase "wandering vagabond" is repetitive. But the use of the synonymous adjectives could be meant as an insulting emphasis on the dwarves' homelessness and untrustworthy nature.
wait in hiding to attack
"It is true that we were wrongfully
waylaid by the Elven-king and imprisoned without cause as we journeyed back to our own land," answered Thorin.
be an obstacle to
But lock nor bar may
hinder the homecoming spoken of old.
a state of deep-seated ill-will
The Elvenking was very powerful in those parts and the Master wished for no
enmity with him, nor did he think much of old songs, giving his mind to trade and tolls, to cargoes and gold, to which habit he owed his position.
an emotion of great sadness associated with loss
The streams shall run in gladness,
The lakes shall shine and burn,
sorrow fail and sadness
At the Mountain-king's return!
difficult to find
Even Bilbo was given a seat at the high table, and no explanation of where he came in--no songs had alluded to him even in the
obscurest way--was asked for in the general bustle.
a feeling of thankfulness and appreciation
What help we can offer shall be yours, and we trust to your
gratitude when your kingdom is regained.
marked by quiet and caution and secrecy
It was a weary journey, and a quiet and
providing no shelter or sustenance
The land about them grew
bleak and barren, though once, as Thorin told them, it had been green and fair.
Compare with "stark" in the list for Chapters 5-8. In both example sentences, the adjectives are synonymous with "barren" and refer to the land near where Smaug the dragon lives. "Bleak" also means "offering little or no hope" and "unpleasantly cold and damp"--this could describe the feelings of Bilbo, especially when he compares the lands around the Lonely Mountain to his comfortable hobbit-hole back at The Hill.
the state of being decayed or destroyed
They were come to the
Desolation of the Dragon, and they were come at the waning of the year.
"Desolation" also means "sadness resulting from being forsaken or abandoned"--this definition does not fit the example sentence, since the focus is on what the dragon had done to the land; but it could be used to describe the mood of the land, especially when seen through the eyes of the dwarves who had lived there before it was destroyed and abandoned.
a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
But he might be gone away some time, or he might be lying out on the mountain-side keeping watch, and still I expect smokes and steams would come out of the gates: all the halls within must be filled with his foul
raid and rove in search of plunder
On this western side there were fewer signs of the dragon's
marauding feet, and there was some grass for their ponies.
the entrance for passing through a room or building
No sign was there of post or lintel or
threshold, nor any sign of bar or bolt or key-hole; yet they did not doubt that they had found the door at last.
beg or request earnestly and urgently
They beat on it, they thrust and pushed at it, they
implored it to move, they spoke fragments of broken spells of opening, and nothing stirred.
put down, place, or press the foot
I should turn dizzy and
tread on my beard, and then you would be thirteen again.
rule or have supreme power
Out up there a silence
reigned, broken by no bird or sound except that of the wind in the crannies of stone.
a note that alternates with another note a semitone above it
The old thrush, who had been watching from a high perch with beady eyes and head cocked on one side, gave a sudden