reject with contempt
Martha Corey’s Voice: I do not hurt them. I
without mercy or pity
Judge Hathorne enters. He is in his sixties, a bitter,
remorseless Salem judge.
written declaration made under oath
Then let him submit his evidence in proper
a pretrial interrogation of a witness
Proctor, reaching into his jacket: She has signed a
"Deposition" also means "the act of removing a powerful person from office"--while this definition is not intended in Proctor's words, it is suggested in Parris's accusation: "They’ve come to overthrow the court, sir!" The deposition contains Mary Warren's statement that she had never seen any spirits, and if believed, it would depose the leading accuser (Abigail) and the judges (Hathorne and Danforth) who were brought in from Boston especially for the trials.
Excellency, you surely cannot think to let so
vile a lie be spread in open court!
a covering that serves to hide or shelter something
We burn a hot fire here; it melts down all
the quality of exceeding the appropriate limits of decorum
I understand well, a husband’s tenderness may drive him to
extravagance in defense of a wife.
weaken or impair, especially gradually
There lurks nowhere in your heart, nor hidden in your spirit, any desire to
undermine this court?
impossible or difficult to sense
Danforth, now an almost
imperceptible hardness in his voice: Then your purpose is somewhat larger.
liveliness and eagerness
Danforth, with a sudden
briskness of manner: I judge you not, sir. I am ready to hear your evidence.
Despite the statement of being "ready to hear" and especially since he interrupts Proctor in the middle of a sentence, the briskness Danforth suddenly displays here is closer to brusqueness ("an abrupt discourteous manner") than to lively eagerness.
And I think you will want to know, from each and every one of them, what
discontents them with you!
be confusing or perplexing to
This is a sharp time, now, a precise time--we live no longer in the dusky afternoon when evil mixed itself with good and
befuddled the world.
As a judge, Danforth should not be befuddled, but his complete lack of befuddlement at what's good and what's evil actually makes him a bad judge, because most people and situations are not as precise and sharp as he'd like to see them as.
Compare with "confounded" in this list--a confounded witness such as Mary should befuddle the proceedings, but Danforth threatens her into his vision of Proctor compacting with the Devil.
a secret agreement to perform an unlawful act
Without confidences there could be no
conspiracy, Your Honor!
Here, "conspiracy" is synonymous with "compact" (see list for Act 2), with the exception that Parris is referring to secret agreements between two humans as well as those between the Devil and a human. Linked to conspiracy, "confidence" becomes a negative word; in its definition of "a secret that is entrusted to another" the focus is on the secrecy rather than the trust.
the state of being unknown
Old man, if your informant tells the truth let him come here openly like a decent man. But if he hide in
anonymity I must know why.
very impressive; far beyond what is usual
There is a
prodigious fear of this court in the country--
express criticism towards
Reproach me not with the fear in the country; there is fear in the country because there is a moving plot to topple Christ in the country!
audacious behavior that you have no right to
This is a court of law, Mister. I’ll have no
without fault or error
Excellency, I have signed seventy-two death warrants; I am a minister of the Lord, and I dare not take a life without there be a proof so
immaculate no slightest qualm of conscience may doubt it.
complete and confirmed integrity
Unless you doubt my
The pun on "probity" can be seen in its Latin roots: "probare" means "to test" and "probus" means "good"--although Danforth is asking whether Hale doubts his integrity, as a judge who's in charge of interrogation, he's also asking whether Hale doubts his ability to do his job.
Cheever waits placidly, the
sublime official, dutiful.
The chosen definition gives the adjective an ironic tone, especially since it contrasts with the adverb "placidly" ("in a quiet and tranquil manner"). Since the official is also described as dutiful, the use of "sublime" as an adjective might be closer to the definition of the word as a noun: "an ultimate example."
make insensitive; deaden feelings or morals
Then you tell me that you sat in my court, callously lying, when you knew that people would hang by your evidence?
criminal offense of making false statements under oath
I will tell you this--you are either lying now, or you were lying in the court, and in either case you have committed
perjury and you will go to jail for it.
a ghostly appearing figure
Your friend, Mary Warren, has given us a deposition. In which she swears that she never saw familiar spirits,
apparitions, nor any manifest of the Devil.
"Manifest" is short for "manifestation" which means "an indication of the existence of some person or thing" or "an appearance in bodily form"--both definitions make the word nearly synonymous with "apparition" and "spirit" and all three words could be connected to the Devil.
the use of tricks to deceive someone
But if she speak true, I bid you now drop your
guile and confess your pretense, for a quick confession will go easier with you.
a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
contemplation of murder.
cause physical pain or suffering in
You say you never saw no spirits, Mary, were never threatened or
afflicted by any manifest of the Devil or the Devil’s agents.
a flash of light
Hathorne, with a
gleam of victory: And yet, when people accused of witchery confronted you in court, you would faint, saying their spirits came out of their bodies and choked you--
The gleam makes Hathorne seem evil, and this is supported by the fact that he's gleaming at a victory in an argument against a young girl, which would prove that the accused are witches.
a misleading falsehood
Is it possible, child, that the spirits you have seen are illusion only, some
deception that may cross your mind when--
marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion
hysterical cry Mary Warren starts to run.
negligent of neatness especially in dress and person
slovenly? Lazy? What disturbance did she cause?
have a particular liking or desire for
I came to think he
having or showing a feeling of mixed reverence and wonder
But Abigail, pointing with fear, is now raising up her frightened eyes, her
awed face, toward the ceiling--the girls are doing the same--and now Hathorne, Hale, Putnam, Cheever, Herrick, and Danforth do the same.
having your attention fixated as though by a spell
transfixed--with all the girls, she is whimpering open-mouthed, agape at the ceiling.
free from emotional agitation or nervous tension
Abigail, unperturbed, continuing to the “bird”: Oh, Mary, this is a black art to change your shape.
The Latin "turbare" means "to throw into disorder"--as the source of the disorder, Abigail is not perturbed by the disturbances in the court. Unperturbed in the face of Mary's pleading, Abigail puts on a show that is meant to convince her observers she sees a harmful spirit, but actually emphasizes to the audience how coldly she can turn on someone who goes against her.
imitate, especially for satirical effect
Abigail, now staring full front as though hypnotized, and
mimicking the exact tone of Mary Warren’s cry: She sees nothin’!
perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements
Mary Warren, utterly
confounded, and becoming overwhelmed by Abigail’s--and the girls’ utter conviction, starts to whimper, hands half raised, powerless, and all the girls begin whimpering exactly as she does.
not clearly understood or expressed
Mary utters something unintelligible, staring at Abigail, who keeps watching the “bird” above.
the act of binding yourself to a course of action
Will you confess yourself befouled with Hell, or do you keep that black
draw back, as with fear or pain
For them that
quail to bring men out of ignorance, as I have
quailed, and as you
quail now when you know in all your black hearts that this be fraud--God damns our kind especially, and we will burn, we will burn together!
Compare with "flinch" in the list for Act 2--earlier when Hale was pleading with Francis not to flinch, he still had faith in the justice of the court. But here, as Proctor laughs insanely and accuses everyone, including himself, of quailing and failing to call the court out for encouraging fraud, Hale does not flinch at the outburst, because he agrees.
to accuse or condemn openly as disgraceful
Hale, starting across to the door: I
denounce these proceedings!