Ten Words from Today's NY Times - Jan. 30, 2013

Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. consensus
    agreement in the judgment reached by a group as a whole
    The response suggests that reaching consensus on immigration law changes remained difficult despite a new bipartisan push since the November elections.
  2. amnesty
    a warrant granting release from punishment for an offense
    They applauded loudly when he mentioned the Dream Act, which offers amnesty to children of immigrants who are in the United States illegally.
  3. nominal
    existing in name only
    With the city of Port Said proclaiming its nominal independence, protesters demanded the resignation of Mr. Morsi, Egypt’s first freely elected president, while people across the country appeared convinced that taking to the streets in protests was the only means to get redress for their grievances.
  4. dire
    fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless
    “Political, economic, social and security challenges” require united action “by all parties” to avoid “ dire consequences that affect the steadiness and stability of the homeland,” General Sisi said in an address to military cadets that was later relayed as a public statement from his spokesman.
  5. rebuke
    an act or expression of criticism and censure
    Coming just months after the military relinquished the power it seized at the ouster of Mr. Mubarak, General Sisi’s rebuke to the civilian leaders inevitably raised the possibility that the generals might once again step into civilian politics.
  6. inadvertently
    without knowledge or intention
    The Brooklyn shopkeeper was already home for the night when her phone rang: a man who said he was from a neighborhood “modesty committee” was concerned that the mannequins in her store’s window, used to display women’s clothing, might inadvertently arouse passing men and boys.
  7. shun
    expel from a community or group
    But on Lee Avenue, the commercial spine of Hasidic Williamsburg, the warning carried an implied threat — comply with community standards or be shunned.
  8. confiscate
    take temporary possession of a security by legal authority
    The Brooklyn district attorney, Charles J. Hynes, who prosecuted the Weberman case, has now received allegations that members of a modesty committee forced their way into a home in the borough, confiscating an iPad and computer equipment deemed inappropriate for Orthodox children, officials say.
  9. adjudicate
    hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of
    The Central Rabbinical Congress of the United States and Canada, in addition to certifying foods as kosher and adjudicating matrimonial and commercial disputes, does at times remind the Satmar community of the community’s modesty rules.
  10. zealot
    a fervent and even militant proponent of something
    Though no modesty committee was overtly involved, there has been anger over ultra-Orthodox zealots who spit on and insulted an 8-year-old girl for walking to school through their neighborhood in a dress they considered immodest.

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