The brain

The main parts with explanations

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definitions & notes only words
  1. cerebellum
    a major division of the vertebrate brain
    He is too old; his brains, cerebellum, must be dried up.De Gurowski, Adam G., count
    mainly controls balance and coordinates movements
  2. cerebrum
    anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres
    Here the cerebrum was small, more like that of reptiles.Tyler, John Mason
    Split into two parts
  3. amygdala
    an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
    In getting our hearts racing, the amygdala is simply doing its job.Salon (Sep 18, 2012)
    Motivation and emotional behaviour
  4. frontal lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
    The frontal lobes of the brain are the central offices for higher thought.Berman, Louis, M.D.
    Helps you choose between good and bad - so use your frontal lobe and master this list!
  5. thalamus
    large egg-shaped structures of grey matter that form the dorsal subdivision of the diencephalon
    The thalamus and corpus striatum are called together, the great inferior ganglion of the brain.Buchanan, Joseph R. (Joseph Rodes)
    It may be thought of as a kind of switchboard of information
  6. hippocampus
    a structure in the floor of the brain's lateral ventricle
    Fried said sensory experiences that eventually become memories pass through this hub before they are stored in the hippocampus, the brain's chief memory center.
    plays important role in: consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory
  7. brain stem
    the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
    The brain stem also controls other basic functions, such as our breathing and heart rate.Salon (Sep 1, 2012)
    The brain stem provides the main motor and sensory innervation to the face and neck via the cranial nerves.
  8. hypothalamus
    a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
  9. occipital lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
    The occipital lobes, rather bizarrely located at the back, furthest from the eyes, largely process vision.Salon (Sep 1, 2012)
    visual processing center
  10. temporal lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
    "Just over the temporal lobes, you see," the robot explained, indicating the jewels.Kuttner, Henry
    involved in auditory perception and is home to the primary auditory cortex.
  11. parietal lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
    It runs forward in the parietal lobe above and in the temporal lobe below.Various
    integrates sensory information from different modalities
Created on October 4, 2012 (updated October 4, 2012)

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