a structure erected to commemorate persons or events
The name of this holiday is a word closely related to
memory. Memorials—such as the famous Lincoln Memorial—are there to help us remember people who died. There are memorials for all sorts of people, but memorials to veterans get a little extra respect, and for good reason. One of the most famous (and largest) memorials in the U.S. is the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, which is two acres long and contains the names of everyone who died in that war.
a person who has served in the armed forces
A veteran is anyone who has served in some branch of the military such as the army, navy, air force, or marines. No matter how long someone served, they're a veteran. This word is also used for other types of experience, especially substantial experience. A teacher who's been chalking boards for decades can be called a veteran teacher. A basketball player who's been in the NBA for a while—say, 5-10 years—is often called a veteran. And if you've done anything for some time, this word can apply.
an act of help or assistance
No one now outside of the War Department knew the quality and duration of his
.East of Eden
This common word has a specific military meaning that's a lot more important than the service you get at your local pizzeria. When you enter the military, you've entered the
service, and you can call your time there
military service. Many people say to veterans, "Thank you for your service." The idea is that joining the military isn't something you do for yourself, like becoming a lawyer or artist, but something done to serve your country.
the armed forces of a nation
did not say whether there were any US casualties during the raid which was supported by the Yemeni government.BBC (May 23, 2017)
The military consists of the army, the navy, the marines, and all other government forces that go to war. General, captain, private, and ensign are all military ranks. The military's goal is to defend the county, but also to attack other countries when ordered. A frequently debated political topic is military spending: how much money should be spent on tanks, planes, bombs, and other military equipment? Some argue for a stronger military, while others will say more money should go elsewhere.
compulsory military service
366 blue plastic capsules contained the birthdays that would be chosen in the first Vietnam
draft lottery drawing on December 1, 1969.
There are many types of drafts, such as a gust of wind or rough piece of writing. But the military version is a lot more significant: a draft selects people for the military. If you're drafted, you have to enter the service, unless you don't pass the medical exams. Some people receive a
deferment, meaning they delay their service. Another way that some avoid the draft is by being a conscientious objector: someone philosophically opposed to violence in general or a specific war.
join the military
A draft brings people into the military, whether they want to join or not. The U.S. has had a draft at different points in history, most recently during the Vietnam era when we were sending an enormous number of troops over there. Whether there's a draft or not, people can volunteer for the military: if you volunteer, you enlist. This word can also be used to describe recruiting other people. A new enlistee in the navy could then try to enlist others: in other words, encourage them to join too.
a military unit that is a subdivision of a company
He led a rifle
in Vietnam, eventually receiving numerous commendations, including the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star.Washington Post (May 17, 2017)
This French borrowing entered English in the 1500s: it refers to a group of soldiers, usually infantrymen. Often a platoon is made of various squadrons or squads—a platoon is bigger than a squad, but smaller than a company. Soldiers who served in the same platoon share a special bond.
personnel that are lost by death or capture
of soldiers killed during World Wars One and Two is well-documented.BBC (May 19, 2017)
To sacrifice something is to give it up, and this is one of the most important words relating to Memorial Day, which honors people who sacrificed their lives. Dying in war is often called the
ultimate sacrifice. In a world where most people are all about me, me, and me, this type of sacrifice is hard to imagine.
the act of fighting; any contest or struggle
act of putting off to a future time
Trump himself received five draft
during the Vietnam War, including one for bone spurs in his heel, the Times reported in August.Reuters (Feb 9, 2017)
a group of soldiers
In January 2016, South Korean border
fired shots at a suspected drone.BBC (May 23, 2017)
a person who performs work done by choice
Bereza, who commanded one of the
battalions that fought in the east, called it necessary to preserve the state.Seattle Times (May 5, 2017)
the waging of armed conflict against an enemy
They remind me of photos of soldiers returning from the Great
, hollow-eyed and bald.Orphan Train
an elaborate and systematic plan of action
required by rule
Russia maintains the
one-year draft, but has increasingly sought to enlist volunteers for longer terms of duty to boost the military capability.Washington Times (Nov 29, 2016)