You can see right through something transparent. A window is transparent — unless it's really, really dirty. Time to break out some soap!
Obviously the glass of a window is transparent, but transparent can also describe something that is clearly understood and lacks any deception or secrecy. Reporters use it these days to describe the ideal way for government to develop policy, where voters can see the process and how decisions are achieved. Some in government, however, would argue that the leaking of top-secret information takes transparency a step too far.