temperance

Temperance means restraint and moderation, but if you're talking about alcohol, temperance means not just drinking in moderation, it means not having it at all.

The temperance movement appeared in the U.S. in the 19th century, at first urging moderation in drinking but eventually seeking to outlaw alcohol entirely. It managed to get Prohibition enacted in 1919, which did outlaw alcohol, but it was repealed in 1933. Temperance doesn't just have to do with alcohol, it can refer to avoiding any kind of excess: if your new diet requires temperance, you're eating in a balanced, sensible way. Temperance comes from the Latin temperare, "restrain."

Definitions of temperance
  1. noun
    the trait of avoiding excesses
    synonyms: moderation
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    Antonyms:
    intemperance
    the quality of being intemperate
    types:
    dryness, sobriety
    moderation in or abstinence from alcohol or other drugs
    abstemiousness
    moderation in eating and drinking
    type of:
    natural virtue
    (scholasticism) one of the four virtues (prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance) derived from nature
    control, restraint
    discipline in personal and social activities
  2. noun
    abstaining from excess
    synonyms: sobriety
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    type of:
    abstinence
    act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite
  3. noun
    the act of tempering
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    type of:
    combination, combining, compounding
    the act of combining things to form a new whole
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