temperance

Temperance means restraint and moderation, but if you're talking about alcohol, temperance means not just drinking in moderation, it means not having it at all.

The temperance movement appeared in the U.S. in the 19th century, at first urging moderation in drinking but eventually seeking to outlaw alcohol entirely. It managed to get Prohibition enacted in 1919, which did outlaw alcohol, but it was repealed in 1933. Temperance doesn't just have to do with alcohol, it can refer to avoiding any kind of excess: if your new diet requires temperance, you're eating in a balanced, sensible way. Temperance comes from the Latin temperare, "restrain."

Primary Meanings of temperance

1.
n
the trait of avoiding excesses
2.
n
the act of tempering
Full Definitions of temperance
1

n the trait of avoiding excesses

Synonyms:
moderation
Antonyms:
intemperance
the quality of being intemperate
Types:
dryness, sobriety
moderation in or abstinence from alcohol or other drugs
abstemiousness
moderation in eating and drinking
Type of:
natural virtue
(scholasticism) one of the four virtues (prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance) derived from nature
control, restraint
discipline in personal and social activities

n abstaining from excess

Synonyms:
sobriety
Type of:
abstinence
act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite
2

n the act of tempering

Type of:
combination, combining, compounding
the act of combining things to form a new whole

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