Intemperance is when you can't do anything half way, or hold yourself back. You might describe your inability to eat a single slice of cake — instead, gobbling the whole thing — as intemperance.

When someone isn't able to temper — or moderate — his actions, he is at risk of intemperance. Your uncle shows intemperance when he yells furiously at everyone around him every time he feels angry, and your sister's intemperance might come out in her terrible shopping habit. The opposite of intemperance is moderation. The Latin root word, intemperantia, means "immoderation or excess," and was originally used in English to describe the weather.

Definitions of intemperance
  1. noun
    excess in action and immoderate indulgence of bodily appetites, especially in passion or indulgence
    “the intemperance of their language”
    synonyms: decadence, intemperateness, self-indulgence
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    fling, spree
    a brief indulgence of your impulses
    dissipation, dissolution, licentiousness, looseness, profligacy
    dissolute indulgence in sensual pleasure
    a bout of drinking or drug taking
    spending spree
    a brief period of extravagant spending
    type of:
    humoring, indulgence, indulging, pampering
    the act of indulging or gratifying a desire
  2. noun
    consumption of alcoholic drinks
    synonyms: intemperateness
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    boozing, crapulence, drink, drinking, drunkenness
    the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess
    drinking bout
    a long period of drinking
    type of:
    a specific form of evildoing
  3. noun
    the quality of being intemperate
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    moderation, temperance
    the trait of avoiding excesses
    habitual eating to excess
    greediness, hoggishness, piggishness
    an excessive desire for food
    edacity, esurience, rapaciousness, rapacity, voraciousness, voracity
    extreme gluttony
    type of:
    the quality of lacking restraint
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