surcoat

The long, sleeveless outer garment that Western Europeans commonly wore during the Middle Ages was called a surcoat. Pictures of medieval knights often show them with loose surcoats over their armor.

Men wore surcoats from around the 12th century, while women began to wear them about a hundred years later. A knight's surcoat was often decorated with a coat of arms and had long slits at the front and back to allow the knight to move freely and ride a horse easily. During the 14th century, a stylish surcoat for women was floor-length, with extremely large arm holes, so the dress beneath could be seen.

Definitions of surcoat
  1. noun
    a loose outer coat usually of rich material
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    type of:
    coat
    an outer garment that has sleeves and covers the body from shoulder down; worn outdoors
  2. noun
    a tunic worn over a knight's armor
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    type of:
    tunic
    any of a variety of loose fitting cloaks extending to the hips or knees
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