Before 1920, women did not have the right to vote in the U.S. The suffragist movement fought for these rights, and the people who were part of that movement were suffragists.

The word suffrage means the right to vote in elections. It does not have to do with suffering. In America, the individual states determine who may vote. However, the U.S. Constitution states in the 19th Amendment that women shall not be denied the vote based upon their sex. Suffragists fought hard to bring this constitutional amendment about. Back then, female suffragists were known as suffragettes.

Definitions of suffragist
  1. noun
    an advocate of the extension of voting rights (especially to women)
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    Susan Brownell Anthony
    United States suffragist (1820-1906)
    Julia Ward Howe
    United States feminist who was active in the women's suffrage movement (1819-1910)
    Mary Ashton Rice Livermore
    United States suffragist (1820-1905)
    Esther Hobart McQuigg Slack Morris
    United States suffragist in Wyoming (1814-1902)
    Lucretia Coffin Mott
    United States feminist and suffragist (1793-1880)
    Jeannette Rankin
    leader in the women's suffrage movement in Montana; the first woman to serve in the United States House of Representatives (1880-1973)
    Anna Howard Shaw
    United States physician and suffragist (1847-1919)
    Julia Evelina Smith
    United States suffragist who refused to pay taxes until she could vote (1792-1886)
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    United States suffragist and feminist; called for reform of the practices that perpetuated sexual inequality (1815-1902)
    Lucy Stone
    United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)
    Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard
    United States advocate of temperance and women's suffrage (1839-1898)
    Victoria Clafin Woodhull
    United States advocate of women's suffrage; in 1872 she was the first woman to run for the United States presidency (1838-1927)
    a woman advocate of women's right to vote (especially a militant advocate in the United Kingdom at the beginning of the 20th century)
    type of:
    advocate, advocator, exponent, proponent
    a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
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