A suffragette was an advocate for women's right to vote during the late-19th and early-20th centuries. Suffragettes (also suffragists) used various tactics, including hunger strikes, in their fight for equality.
While the term suffragist includes all the activists who have fought for the right to vote, particularly for women, suffragette usually refers specifically to the activists in the US and UK. The word was coined by a "Daily Mail" journalist, who used it in a derogatory way, only to have it embraced by the activists. The tactics of the suffragettes were controversial, and sometimes included arson and property damage. American and British women gained the right to vote in the early 1900s.