semantic role

Definitions of semantic role
  1. noun
    (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
    synonyms: participant role
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    types:
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    affected role, patient, patient role
    the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    agent, agentive role
    the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    benefactive role, beneficiary
    the semantic role of the intended recipient who benefits from the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    instrument, instrumental role
    the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process
    locative, locative role
    the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the place of the state or action denoted by the verb
    recipient, recipient role
    the semantic role of the animate entity that is passively involved in the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    result, resultant role
    the semantic role of the noun phrase whose referent exists only by virtue of the activity denoted by the verb in the clause
    temporal, temporal role
    the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
    type of:
    grammatical category, syntactic category
    (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
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