polyose

Definitions of polyose
  1. noun
    any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
    synonyms: polysaccharide
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    Lipo-Hepin, Liquaemin, heparin
    a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo-Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
    chitin
    a tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi
    cellulose
    a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
    animal starch, glycogen
    one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
    inulin
    used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
    dextrin
    any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
    mucopolysaccharide
    complex polysaccharides containing an amino group; occur chiefly as components of connective tissue
    amylum, starch
    a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles
    arum
    starch resembling sago that is obtained from cuckoopint root
    cassava, cassava starch, manioc, manioca
    a starch made by leaching and drying the root of the cassava plant; the source of tapioca; a staple food in the tropics
    carboxymethyl cellulose
    an acid derivative of cellulose
    DEAE cellulose, diethylaminoethyl cellulose
    used for chromatography
    pulp
    a mixture of cellulose fibers
    hyaluronic acid
    a viscous mucopolysaccharide found in the connective tissue space and the synovial fluid of movable joints and the humors of the eye; a cementing and protective substance
    pectin
    any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams
    arrowroot
    a nutritive starch obtained from the root of the arrowroot plant
    cornflour, cornstarch
    starch prepared from the grains of corn; used in cooking as a thickener
    sago
    powdery starch from certain sago palms; used in Asia as a food thickener and textile stiffener
    amyloid
    a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
    Otaheite arrowroot, Otaheite arrowroot starch
    a starch obtained from the root of the pia
    type of:
    carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar
    an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
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