physical property

Definitions of physical property
  1. noun
    any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
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    absorption factor, absorptivity
    (physics) the property of a body that determines the fraction of the incident radiation or sound flux absorbed or absorbable by the body
    dissolubility, solubleness
    the property of being dissoluble
    the physical property of being soft and drippy
    reflection, reflectivity, reflexion
    the ability to reflect beams or rays
    bending, deflection, deflexion
    the property of being bent or deflected
    the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
    H, enthalpy, heat content, total heat
    (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure
    S, entropy, randomness
    (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work
    the property of being perceptible by the mind or the senses
    invisibility, invisibleness
    the quality of not being perceivable by the eye
    brightness, brightness level, light, luminance, luminosity, luminousness
    the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light
    inaudibility, inaudibleness
    the quality of not being perceptible by the ear
    the property of being imperceptible by the mind or the senses
    (physics) the resistance of a material to the establishment of a magnetic field in it
    sensitiveness, sensitivity
    the ability to respond to physical stimuli or to register small physical amounts or differences
    magnetisation, magnetization
    the physical property of being magnetic
    elasticity, snap
    the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed
    malleability, plasticity
    the property of being physically malleable; the property of something that can be worked or hammered or shaped without breaking
    the lack of elasticity
    a lack of malleability
    the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field
    the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity
    the product of a body's mass and its velocity
    the tendency of a gas to expand or escape
    the linear extent in space from one end to the other; the longest dimension of something that is fixed in place
    the quality of being not easily seen
    echo, replication, reverberation, sound reflection
    the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves
    a reflected television or radio or radar beam
    wind deflection, windage
    the deflection of a projectile resulting from the effects of wind
    refractiveness, refractivity
    the physical property of a medium as determined by its index of refraction
    conformational entropy
    entropy calculated from the probability that a state could be reached by chance alone
    absolute temperature
    temperature measured on the absolute scale
    absolute zero
    (cryogenics) the lowest temperature theoretically attainable (at which the kinetic energy of atoms and molecules is minimal); 0 Kelvin or -273.15 centigrade or -459.67 Fahrenheit
    Curie point, Curie temperature
    the temperature above which a ferromagnetic substance loses its ferromagnetism and becomes paramagnetic
    dew point
    the temperature at which the water vapor in the air becomes saturated and condensation begins
    flash point, flashpoint
    the lowest temperature at which the vapor of a combustible liquid can be ignited in air
    freezing point, melting point
    the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid
    boil, boiling point
    the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level
    temperature measured by a mercury thermometer
    room temperature
    the normal temperature of room in which people live
    temperature just below the boiling point
    blood heat, body temperature
    temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
    cold, coldness, frigidity, frigidness, low temperature
    the absence of heat
    heat, high temperature, hotness
    the presence of heat
    visibility, visibleness
    quality or fact or degree of being visible; perceptible by the eye or obvious to the eye
    illuminance, illumination
    the luminous flux incident on a unit area
    light from heat
    glow, luminescence
    light from nonthermal sources
    audibility, audibleness
    quality or fact or degree of being audible or perceptible by the ear
    frequency response
    (electronics) a curve representing the output-to-input ratio of a transducer as a function of frequency
    resilience, resiliency
    the physical property of a material that can return to its original shape or position after deformation that does not exceed its elastic limit
    bounce, bounciness
    the quality of a substance that is able to rebound
    give, spring, springiness
    the elasticity of something that can be stretched and returns to its original length
    stretch, stretchability, stretchiness
    the capacity for being stretched
    temper, toughness
    the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking
    elasticity of shear
    the elasticity of a body that has been pulled out of shape by a shearing force
    ductileness, ductility
    the malleability of something that can be drawn into threads or wires or hammered into thin sheets
    flexibility, flexibleness
    the property of being flexible; easily bent or shaped
    the physical property of something that has lost its elasticity
    the physical property of being inflexible and hard to bend
    rigidity, rigidness
    the physical property of being stiff and resisting bending
    the main mass of a thing
    the total mass of living matter in a given unit area
    critical mass
    the minimum mass of fissionable material that can sustain a chain reaction
    rest mass
    (physics) the mass of a body as measured when the body is at rest relative to an observer, an inherent property of the body
    relativistic mass
    (physics) the mass of a body in motion relative to the observer: it is equal to the rest mass multiplied by a factor that is greater than 1 and that increases as the magnitude of the velocity increases
    the property possessed by a large mass
    gravitational mass
    (physics) the mass of a body as measured by its gravitational attraction for other bodies
    inertial mass
    (physics) the mass of a body as determined by the second law of motion from the acceleration of the body when it is subjected to a force that is not due to gravity
    atomic mass, atomic weight, relative atomic mass
    (chemistry) the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mass units
    mass energy
    (physics) the mass of a body regarded relativistically as energy
    molecular weight, relative molecular mass
    (chemistry) the sum of the relative atomic masses of the constituent atoms of a molecule
    body weight
    the weight of a person's body
    dead weight
    a heavy motionless weight
    heaviness, weightiness
    the property of being comparatively great in weight
    weight expressed in pounds
    the weight of a motor vehicle, railroad car, or aircraft without its fuel or cargo
    the weight of the payload of a missile (not including the weight of the rocket)
    lightness, weightlessness
    the property of being comparatively small in weight
    angular momentum
    the product of the momentum of a rotating body and its distance from the axis of rotation
    the length of the closed curve of a circle
    diam, diameter
    the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference
    r, radius
    the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere
    the property of being of long spatial extent
    the property of being of short spatial extent
    mass defect, mass deficiency
    the amount by which the mass of an atomic nucleus is less than the sum of the masses of its constituent particles
    type of:
    a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class
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