nucleotide

Definitions of nucleotide
1

n a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)

Synonyms:
base
Types:
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base pair
one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
AMP, adenosine monophosphate, adenylic acid
a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
ADP, adenosine diphosphate
an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
ATP, adenosine triphosphate
a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
A, deoxyadenosine monophosphate
one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
C, deoxycytidine monophosphate
one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
G, deoxyguanosine monophosphate
one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
T, deoxythymidine monophosphate
one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
muton
the smallest unit of DNA where a mutation can occur
U, uracil
a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Type of:
ester
formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water

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