nucleotide

Definitions of nucleotide
  1. noun
    a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
    synonyms: base
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    base pair
    one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
    AMP, adenosine monophosphate, adenylic acid
    a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
    ADP, adenosine diphosphate
    an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
    ATP, adenosine triphosphate
    a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
    A, deoxyadenosine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    C, deoxycytidine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    G, deoxyguanosine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    T, deoxythymidine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    muton
    the smallest unit of DNA where a mutation can occur
    U, uracil
    a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
    type of:
    ester
    formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
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