ester

Definitions of ester
  1. noun
    formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 35 types...
    hide 35 types...
    citrate
    a salt or ester of citric acid
    lactate
    a salt or ester of lactic acid
    banana oil
    a liquid ester derived from amyl alcohol; has the odor of bananas
    cellulose ester
    any ester of cellulose with an acid
    cyclohexanol phthalate
    the cyclohexanol ester of phthalic acid
    ethyl acetate
    a fragrant colorless flammable volatile liquid ester made from ethanol and acetic acid; used in flavorings and perfumes and as a solvent for plastics
    glyceryl ester
    an ester of glycerol
    maleate
    a salt or ester of maleic acid; used as a nontricyclic antidepressant drug for psychomotor activation
    base, nucleotide
    a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
    polyester
    a complex ester used for making fibers or resins or plastics or as a plasticizer
    urethane
    an ester of carbamic acid
    base pair
    one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
    AMP, adenosine monophosphate, adenylic acid
    a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
    ADP, adenosine diphosphate
    an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
    ATP, adenosine triphosphate
    a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
    butyrin
    any of three glycerides of butyric acid
    cellulose nitrate, guncotton, nitrocellulose, nitrocotton
    a nitric acid ester; used in lacquers and explosives
    A, deoxyadenosine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    C, deoxycytidine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    G, deoxyguanosine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    T, deoxythymidine monophosphate
    one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    acylglycerol, glyceride
    an ester of glycerol and fatty acids that occurs naturally as fats and fatty oils
    glycerin jelly
    a mixture of glycerin and gelatin that is used in histology for mounting specimens
    glycerite, glycerole
    a medicine made by mixing a substance in glycerin
    glycerogel, glycerogelatin
    a medicated skin preparation made from glycerin and glycerinated gelatin
    muton
    the smallest unit of DNA where a mutation can occur
    cellulose acetate
    an ester of acetic acid; used in fibers and fabrics; photographic films and varnishes
    cellulose xanthate, viscose
    a cellulose ester obtained by treating cellulose with caustic soda
    palmitin
    an ester of glycerol and palmitic acid
    stearin
    an ester of glycerol and stearic acid
    glycerol trimargarate, margarin
    a glyceryl ester of margaric acid
    olein, triolein
    a naturally occurring glyceride of oleic acid that is found in fats and oils
    glycerol tripalmitate, tripalmitin
    a triglyceride of palmitic acid
    glycerol tristearate, tristearin
    a triglyceride of stearic acid
    U, uracil
    a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
    type of:
    organic compound
    any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
Word Family