neurological disorder

Definitions of neurological disorder
1

n a disorder of the nervous system

Synonyms:
nervous disorder, neurological disease
Types:
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brain damage
injury to the brain that impairs its functions (especially permanently); can be caused by trauma to the head, infection, hemorrhage, inadequate oxygen, genetic abnormality, etc.
brain disease, brain disorder, encephalopathy
any disorder or disease of the brain
ataxia, ataxy, dyssynergia, motor ataxia
inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
atopognosia, atopognosis
absence or loss of topognosia; inability to locate correctly a point of touch
dyskinesia
abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
chorea
any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs
flaccid paralysis
weakness or loss of muscle tone resulting from injury or disease of the nerves innervating the muscles
ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
athetosis
a continuous succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
kuru
a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned
nerve compression
harmful pressure on a nerve (especially in nerves that pass over rigid prominences); causes nerve damage and muscle weakness
epilepsy
a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
apraxia
inability to make purposeful movements
Friedreich's ataxia, herediatry spinal ataxia
sclerosis of the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord; characterized by muscular weakness and abnormal gait; occurs in children
hereditary cerebellar ataxia
nervous disorder of late childhood and early adulthood; characterized by ataxic gait and hesitating or explosive speech and nystagmus
tardive dyskinesia
involuntary rolling of the tongue and twitching of the face or trunk or limbs; often occurs in patients with Parkinsonism who are treated with phenothiazine
Parkinson's, Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's syndrome, Parkinsonism, paralysis agitans, shaking palsy
a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
cerebral palsy, spastic paralysis
a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
orthochorea
a form of chorea in which spasms occur mainly when the patient is erect
Saint Vitus dance, St. Vitus dance, Sydenham's chorea
chorea occurring chiefly in children and associated with rheumatic fever
tarantism
a nervous disorder characterized by an uncontrollable impulse to dance; popularly attributed to bite of the southern European tarantula or wolf spider
agraphia, anorthography, logagraphia
a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
acataphasia
a disorder in which a lesion to the central nervous system leaves you unable to formulate a statement or to express yourself in an organized manner
aphasia
inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
agnosia
inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
CJD, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease
rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control
nerve entrapment
repeated and long-term nerve compression (usually in nerves near joints that are subject to inflammation or swelling)
Huntington's chorea, Huntington's disease
hereditary disease; develops in adulthood and ends in dementia
Reye's syndrome
acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
Wernicke's encephalopathy
inflammatory degenerative disease of the brain caused by thiamine deficiency that is usually associated with alcoholism
Type of:
disorder, upset
a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning

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