SKIP TO CONTENT

neural structure

Definitions of neural structure
  1. noun
    a structure that is part of the nervous system
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 54 types...
    hide 54 types...
    corpus mamillare, mamillary body, mammillary body
    one of two small round structures on the undersurface of the brain that form the terminals of the anterior arches of the fornix
    ganglion
    an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
    reflex arc
    the neural path of a reflex
    center, centre, nerve center, nerve centre
    a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process
    cerebral hemisphere, hemisphere
    either half of the cerebrum
    piriform area, piriform lobe, pyriform area, pyriform lobe
    pear-shaped neural structure on either side of the brain in the rhinencephalon
    olfactory bulb
    one of two enlargements at the terminus of the olfactory nerve at the base of the brain just above the nasal cavities
    brain, encephalon
    that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
    neencephalon, neoencephalon
    the part of the brain having the most recent phylogenetic origin; the cerebral cortex and related parts
    palaeencephalon, paleencephalon, paleoencephalon
    the more primitive parts of the brain phylogenetically; most structures other than the cerebral cortex
    cerebellum
    a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
    cerebellar hemisphere
    either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
    vermis, vermis cerebelli
    the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
    paleocerebellum
    the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
    cerebral cortex, cerebral mantle, cortex, pallium
    the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
    geniculate body
    one of four small oval masses that protrude slightly from the underside of the thalamus and function as synaptic centers on the way to the cerebral cortex
    cerebrum
    anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
    bulb, medulla, medulla oblongata
    lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
    forebrain, prosencephalon
    the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
    hippocampus
    a complex neural structure (shaped like a sea horse) consisting of grey matter and located on the floor of each lateral ventricle; intimately involved in motivation and emotion as part of the limbic system; has a central role in the formation of memories
    cingulate gyrus, gyrus cinguli
    a long curved structure on the medial surface of the cerebral hemispheres; the cortical part of the limbic system
    telencephalon
    the anterior division of the forebrain; the cerebrum and related parts of the hypothalamus
    betweenbrain, diencephalon, interbrain, thalmencephalon
    the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
    limbic brain, limbic system, visceral brain
    a system of functionally related neural structures in the brain that are involved in emotional behavior
    subthalamus
    the ventral part of the thalamus
    thalamus
    large egg-shaped structures of grey matter that form the dorsal subdivision of the diencephalon
    hypothalamus
    a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
    mesencephalon, midbrain
    the middle portion of the brain
    locus niger, nucleus niger, substantia nigra
    a layer of deeply pigmented grey matter in the midbrain; associated with the striate body; is involved in metabolic disturbances associated with Parkinson's disease and with Huntington's disease
    hindbrain, rhombencephalon
    the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
    myelencephalon
    the posterior part of the hindbrain in developing vertebrates; forms the medulla oblongata in adults
    pons, pons Varolii
    a band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain
    brain stem, brain-stem, brainstem
    the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
    nucleus
    any histologically identifiable mass of neural cell bodies in the brain or spinal cord
    radiation
    a radial arrangement of nerve fibers connecting different parts of the brain
    medulla spinalis, spinal cord
    a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain; a long tubelike structure extending from the base of the brain through the vertebral canal to the upper lumbar region
    ANS, autonomic nervous system
    the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
    autonomic ganglion
    any of the ganglia of the autonomic system whose unmyelinated fibers innervate the internal organs
    auditory center
    the part of the brain (in a fold of the cerebral cortex of the temporal lobe on both sides of the brain) that receives impulses from the ear by way of the auditory nerve
    left brain, left hemisphere
    the cerebral hemisphere to the left of the corpus callosum that controls the right half of the body
    right brain, right hemisphere
    the cerebral hemisphere to the right of the corpus callosum that controls the left half of the body
    olfactory brain, rhinencephalon
    a center in the cerebral hemispheres that governs the sense of smell in lower animals; in humans it seems to mediate complex emotional behavior
    neocortex, neopallium
    the cortical part of the neencephalon
    archipallium, paleocortex
    the olfactory cortex of the cerebrum
    metencephalon
    the part of the hindbrain that develops into the pons and the cerebellum
    dentate nucleus
    a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
    corpus geniculatum laterale, lateral geniculate, lateral geniculate body
    a neural structure that serves as a processing station on the way from the retina to the occipital lobe of the cerebral cortex
    corpus geniculatum mediale, medial geniculate, medial geniculate body
    a neural structure that serves as the last of a series of processing centers along the auditory pathway from the cochlea to the temporal lobe of the cerebral cortex
    Broca's area, Broca's center, Broca's convolution, Broca's gyrus, convolution of Broca
    the motor speech center in the left hemisphere of the brain in most people
    Wernicke's area, Wernicke's center
    the auditory word center; located in the posterior part of the superior temporal convolution in most people
    basal ganglion
    any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
    superior colliculus
    an essential visual center between the retina and the striate cortex
    inferior colliculus
    an essential auditory center in the midbrain
    respiratory center
    the center in the medulla oblongata and pons that integrates sensory information about the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood and determines the signals to be sent to the respiratory muscles
    type of:
    anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure
    a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing
Word Family
EDITOR’S CHOICE

Test prep from the experts

Boost your test score with programs developed by Vocabulary.com’s experts.

  • Proven methods: Learn faster, remember longer with our scientific approach.
  • Personalized plan: We customize your experience to maximize your learning.
  • Strategic studying: Focus on the words that are most crucial for success.

SAT/PSAT

$29.95
  • Number of words: 500+
  • Duration: 8 weeks or less
  • Time: 1 hour / week

TOEFL

$29.95
  • Number of words: 500+
  • Duration: 10 weeks or less
  • Time: 1 hour / week

ACT

$29.95
  • Number of words: 700+
  • Duration: 10 weeks
  • Time: 1 hour / week