natural language

Definitions of natural language
1

n a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language

Synonyms:
tongue
Antonyms:
artificial language
a language that is deliberately created for a specific purpose
Types:
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first language, maternal language, mother tongue
one's native language; the language learned by children and passed from one generation to the next
tonal language, tone language
a language in which different tones distinguish different meanings
creole
a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
American Indian, American-Indian language, Amerind, Amerindian language, Indian
any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
Eskimo-Aleut, Eskimo-Aleut language
the family of languages that includes Eskimo and Aleut
Chukchi, Chukchi language
an indigenous and isolated language of unknown origin spoken by the Chukchi that is pronounced differently by men and women
Sino-Tibetan, Sino-Tibetan language
the family of tonal languages spoken in eastern Asia
Austro-Asiatic, Austro-Asiatic language, Munda-Mon-Khmer
a family of languages spoken in southern and southeastern Asia
Hmong, Hmong language, Miao
a language of uncertain affiliation spoken by the Hmong
Austronesian, Austronesian language
the family of languages spoken in Australia and Formosa and Malaysia and Polynesia
Papuan, Papuan language
any of the indigenous languages spoken in Papua New Guinea or New Britain or the Solomon Islands that are not Malayo-Polynesian languages
Khoisan, Khoisan language
a family of languages spoken in southern Africa
Indo-European, Indo-European language, Indo-Hittite
the family of languages that by 1000 BC were spoken throughout Europe and in parts of southwestern and southern Asia
Ural-Altaic
a (postulated) group of languages including many of the indigenous languages of Russia (but not Russian)
Basque
the language of the Basque people; of no known relation to any other language
Elamite, Elamitic, Susian
an extinct ancient language of unknown affinities; spoken by the Elamites
Cassite, Kassite
an ancient language spoken by the Kassites
Caucasian, Caucasian language
a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that are unrelated to languages spoken elsewhere
Dravidian, Dravidian language, Dravidic
a large family of languages spoken in south and central India and Sri Lanka
Afrasian, Afrasian language, Afro-Asiatic, Afroasiatic, Afroasiatic language, Hamito-Semitic
a large family of related languages spoken both in Asia and Africa
Niger-Kordofanian, Niger-Kordofanian language
the family of languages that includes most of the languages spoken in Africa south of the Sahara; the majority of them are tonal languages but there are important exceptions (e.g., Swahili or Fula)
Nilo-Saharan, Nilo-Saharan language
a family of East African languages spoken by Nilotic peoples from the Sahara south to Kenya and Tanzania
contour language
a tone language that uses pitch changes
register language
a tone language that uses different voice registers
Haitian Creole
a creole language spoken by most Haitians; based on French and various African languages
Algonquian, Algonquian language, Algonquin
family of North American Indian languages spoken from Labrador to South Carolina and west to the Great Plains
Atakapa, Atakapan, Attacapa, Attacapan
a language spoken by the Atakapa of the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas
Athabascan, Athabaskan, Athapascan, Athapaskan, Athapaskan language
a group of Amerindian languages (the name coined by an American anthropologist, Edward Sapir)
Muskhogean, Muskhogean language, Muskogean, Muskogean language
a family of North American Indian languages spoken in the southeastern United States
Na-Dene
a family of North American Indian languages
Mosan
a family of Amerindian languages spoken in Washington and British Columbia
Caddo, Caddoan, Caddoan language
a family of North American Indian languages spoken widely in the Midwest by the Caddo
Iroquoian, Iroquoian language, Iroquois
a family of North American Indian languages spoken by the Iroquois
Kechua, Kechuan, Quechua, Quechuan, Quechuan language
the language of the Quechua which was spoken by the Incas
Maracan language, Maraco
the language spoken by the Maraco
Tupi-Guarani, Tupi-Guarani language
a family of South American Indian languages
Arawak, Arawakan
a family of South American Indian languages spoken in northeastern South America
Carib, Caribbean language
the family of languages spoken by the Carib
Eskimo, Esquimau
the language spoken by the Eskimo
Aleut
the language spoken by the Aleut
Uto-Aztecan, Uto-Aztecan language
a family of American Indian languages
Maya, Mayan, Mayan language
a family of American Indian languages spoken by Maya
Siouan, Siouan language
a family of North American Indian languages spoken by the Sioux
Tanoan, Tanoan language
a family of North American Indian language spoken in southwestern United States
Hoka, Hokan
a family of Amerindian languages spoken in California
Penutian
a family of Amerindian language spoken in the great interior valley of California
Altaic, Altaic language
a group of related languages spoken in Asia and southeastern Europe
Sinitic, Sinitic language
a group of Sino-Tibetan languages
Tibeto-Burman, Tibeto-Burman language
a branch of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages spoken from Tibet to the Malay Peninsula
Kadai, Kadai language, Kam-Tai
a family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in southeastern Asia
Munda
a family of languages spoken by people scattered throughout central India
Mon-Khmer
a branch of the Austro-Asiatic languages
Malayo-Polynesian, Polynesian
the branch of the Austronesian languages spoken from Madagascar to the central Pacific
Aboriginal Australian, Australian
the Austronesian languages spoken by Australian aborigines
Formosan
the Austronesian languages spoken on Formosa
Hottentot, Khoikhoi, Khoikhoin
any of the Khoisan languages spoken by the pastoral people of Namibia and South Africa
PIE, Proto-Indo European
a prehistoric unrecorded language that was the ancestor of all Indo-European languages
Albanian
the Indo-European language spoken by the people of Albania
Armenian, Armenian language
the Indo-European language spoken predominantly in Armenia, but also in Azerbaijan
Illyrian
a minor and almost extinct branch of the Indo-European languages; spoken along the Dalmatian coast
Thraco-Phrygian
an extinct branch of the Indo-European language family thought by some to be related to Armenian
Balto-Slavic, Balto-Slavic language, Balto-Slavonic
a family of Indo-European languages including the Slavic and Baltic languages
Germanic, Germanic language
a branch of the Indo-European family of languages; members that are spoken currently fall into two major groups: Scandinavian and West Germanic
Uralic, Uralic language
a family of Ural-Altaic languages
Celtic, Celtic language
a branch of the Indo-European languages that (judging from inscriptions and place names) was spread widely over Europe in the pre-Christian era
Italic, Italic language
a branch of the Indo-European languages of which Latin is the chief representative
Tocharian
a branch of the Indo-European language family that originated in central Asia during the first millennium A.D.
Indo-Iranian, Indo-Iranian language
the branch of the Indo-European family of languages including the Indic and Iranian language groups
Anatolian, Anatolian language
an extinct branch of the Indo-European family of languages known from inscriptions and important in the reconstruction of Proto-Indo European
Greek, Hellenic, Hellenic language
the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages
Chechen
a northern Caucasian language spoken by the Chechen
Circassian
a northern Caucasian language spoken by the Circassian
Georgian
a southern Caucasian language with 3 million speakers and a long literary tradition
Ubykh
an extinct Caucasian language spoken exclusively in Turkey
South Dravidian
a Dravidian language spoken primarily in southern India
South-Central Dravidian
a Dravidian language spoken primarily in south central India
Central Dravidian
a Dravidian language spoken primarily in central India
North Dravidian
a Dravidian language spoken primarily in eastern India
Chad, Chadic, Chadic language
a family of Afroasiatic tonal languages (mostly two tones) spoken in the regions west and south of Lake Chad in north central Africa
Semitic
a major branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family
Hamitic, Hamitic language
a group of languages in northern Africa related to Semitic
Egyptian
the ancient and now extinct language of Egypt under the Pharaohs; written records date back to 3000 BC
Berber
a cluster of related dialects that were once the major language of northern Africa west of Egypt; now spoken mostly in Morocco
Cushitic
a group of languages spoken in Ethiopia and Somalia and northwestern Kenya and adjacent regions
Omotic
a group of related languages spoken in a valley of southern Ethiopia; closely related to Cushitic languages
Kordofanian
a group of languages spoken in the relatively small Kordofan area of the south Sudan
Niger-Congo
a family of African language spoken in west Africa
Chari-Nile
a group of Nilo-Saharan language spoken in parts of the Sudan and Zaire and Uganda and Tanzania
Saharan
a Nilo-Saharan language spoken in parts of Chad
Songhai
a Nilo-Saharan language spoken by the Songhai in Mali and Niger
Type of:
language, linguistic communication
a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols

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