musical notation

Definitions of musical notation
  1. noun
    (music) notation used by musicians
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    bar line
    a vertical line before the accented beat marking the boundary between musical bars
    tablature
    a musical notation indicating the fingering to be used
    musical scale, scale
    (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)
    interval, musical interval
    the difference in pitch between two notes
    staff, stave
    (music) the system of five horizontal lines on which the musical notes are written
    clef
    a musical notation written on a staff indicating the pitch of the notes following it
    key signature, signature
    the sharps or flats that follow the clef and indicate the key
    key, tonality
    any of 24 major or minor diatonic scales that provide the tonal framework for a piece of music
    atonalism, atonality
    the absence of a key; alternative to the diatonic system
    musical time signature, time signature
    a musical notation indicating the number of beats to a measure and kind of note that takes a beat
    bar, measure
    musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats
    rest
    a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified duration
    musical note, note, tone
    a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound
    slur
    (music) a curved line spanning notes that are to be played legato
    sharp
    a musical notation indicating one half step higher than the note named
    flat
    a musical notation indicating one half step lower than the note named
    cancel, natural
    a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat
    accidental
    a musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural although that is not part of the key signature
    fermata
    a musical notation (over a note or chord or rest) that indicates it is to be prolonged by an unspecified amount
    solmisation, solmization
    a system of naming the notes of a musical scale by syllables instead of letters
    segno
    (music) a notation written at the beginning or end of a passage that is to be repeated
    sforzando
    (music) a notation written above a note and indicating that it is to be played with a strong initial attack
    gamut
    the entire scale of musical notes
    keynote, tonic
    (music) the first note of a diatonic scale
    supertonic
    (music) the second note of a diatonic scale
    mediant
    (music) the third note of a diatonic scale; midway between the tonic and the dominant
    subdominant
    (music) the fourth note of the diatonic scale
    dominant
    (music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale
    submediant
    (music) the sixth note of a major or minor scale (or the third below the tonic)
    leading tone, subtonic
    (music) the seventh note of the diatonic scale
    pedal, pedal point
    a sustained bass note
    step, tone, whole step, whole tone
    a musical interval of two semitones
    half step, semitone
    the musical interval between adjacent keys on a keyboard instrument
    quarter tone, quarter-tone
    half of a semitone
    musical octave, octave
    a musical interval of eight tones
    third
    the musical interval between one note and another three notes away from it
    fourth
    the musical interval between one note and another four notes away from it
    fifth
    the musical interval between one note and another five notes away from it
    sixth
    the musical interval between one note and another six notes away from it
    seventh
    the musical interval between one note and another seven notes away from it
    shake, trill
    a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it
    diatonic scale
    a scale with eight notes in an octave; all but two are separated by whole tones
    chromatic scale
    a 12-note scale including all the semitones of the octave
    gapped scale
    a musical scale with fewer than seven notes
    G clef, treble clef, treble staff
    a clef that puts the G above middle C on the second line of a staff
    F clef, bass clef
    a clef that puts the F below middle C on the fourth line of a staff
    alto clef, viola clef
    a clef that puts middle C on the third line of a staff
    C clef
    a movable clef that puts middle C on one of the lines of a staff
    soprano clef
    a clef that puts middle C on the bottom line of the staff
    tenor clef
    a clef that puts middle C on the fourth line of the staff; used for writing music for bassoons or cellos or tenor horns
    major key, major mode
    a key whose harmony is based on the major scale
    minor key, minor mode
    a key based on the minor scale
    home key, tonic key
    the basic key in which a piece of music is written
    double bar
    notation marking the end of principal parts of a musical composition; two adjacent bar lines
    alla breve
    a musical time signature indicating two or four half notes to a measure
    tie
    (music) a slur over two notes of the same pitch; indicates that the note is to be sustained for their combined time value
    double sharp
    a musical notation of two sharps in front of a note indicating that it is to be raised by two semitones
    double flat
    a musical notation of two flats in front of a note indicating that it is to be lowered by two semitones
    solfa, tonic solfa
    a system of solmization using the solfa syllables: do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti
    middle C
    the note designated by the first ledger line below the treble staff; 261.63 hertz
    chord
    a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
    passing note, passing tone
    a nonharmonic note inserted for transition between harmonic notes
    semibreve, whole note
    a musical note having the longest time value (equal to four beats in common time)
    whole rest
    a musical rest equal in duration to four beats in common time
    half note, minim
    a musical note having the time value of half a whole note
    half rest
    a musical rest having the time value of half a whole rest or equal in duration to two beats in common time
    crotchet, quarter note
    a musical note having the time value of a quarter of a whole note
    quarter rest
    a musical rest having one-fourth the time value of a whole rest
    eighth note, quaver
    a musical note having the time value of an eighth of a whole note
    semiquaver, sixteenth note
    a musical note having the time value of a sixteenth of a whole note
    demisemiquaver, thirty-second note
    a musical note having the time value of a thirty-second of a whole note
    hemidemisemiquaver, sixty-fourth note
    a musical note having the time value of a sixty-fourth of a whole note
    acciaccatura, appoggiatura, grace note
    an embellishing note usually written in smaller size
    blue note
    a flattened third or seventh
    monotone
    a single tone repeated with different words or different rhythms (especially in rendering liturgical texts)
    type of:
    notation, notational system
    a technical system of symbols used to represent special things
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