local

The adjective local describes something related a specific place. The potholes on a certain street in Pringle, Pennsylvania, might merit a story in the local newspaper.

Locate, location, locale — they all look and sound like local thanks to the Latin root locus, which means "place." Something that's local is limited to a specific place, like a particular neighborhood or city. Local also can describe places that aren't, well, places — they're more like areas. For example, a dentist might administer a local anesthetic to numb your mouth when filling a cavity. That means the anesthetic acts only on a specific area of the body.

Definitions of local
  1. adjective
    of or belonging to or characteristic of a particular locality or neighborhood
    local customs”
    local schools”
    “the local citizens”
    “a local point of view”
    local outbreaks of flu”
    “a local bus line”
  2. adjective
    relating to or applicable to or concerned with the administration of a city or town or district rather than a larger area
    local taxes”
    local authorities”
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    Antonyms:
    national
    concerned with or applicable to or belonging to an entire nation or country
    federal
    national; especially in reference to the government of the United States as distinct from that of its member units
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  3. noun
    public transport consisting of a bus or train that stops at all stations or stops
    “the local seemed to take forever to get to New York”
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    Antonyms:
    express, limited
    public transport consisting of a fast train or bus that makes only a few scheduled stops
    type of:
    public transport
    conveyance for passengers or mail or freight
  4. adjective
    affecting only a restricted part or area of the body
    local anesthesia”
    Synonyms:
    localised, localized
    confined or restricted to a particular location
    topical
    pertaining to the surface of a body part
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    Antonyms:
    general
    affecting the entire body
    systemic
    affecting an entire system
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  5. noun
    anesthetic that numbs a particular area of the body
    synonyms: local anaesthetic, local anesthetic, topical anaesthetic, topical anesthetic
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    types:
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    anesthyl
    a mixture of methyl and ethyl chloride; sprayed on as a local anesthetic
    antipruritic
    a substance that relieves or prevents itching
    benzocaine, ethyl aminobenzoate
    a white crystalline ester used as a local anesthetic
    butacaine, butacaine sulfate
    a white crystalline ester that is applied to mucous membranes as a local anesthetic
    ethyl chloride
    a colorless flammable gas used as a local surface anesthetic
    Lidocaine, Xylocaine
    a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
    Ethocaine, procaine
    a white crystalline powder (trade name Ethocaine) administered near nerves as a local anesthetic in dentistry and medicine
    tetracaine
    a crystalline compound used in the form of a hydrochloride as a local anesthetic
    Novocain, novocaine, procaine hydrochloride
    procaine administered as a hydrochloride (trade name Novocain)
    type of:
    anaesthetic, anaesthetic agent, anesthesia, anesthetic, anesthetic agent
    a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
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