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a person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law; the person being sued or accused
appellant, plaintiff in error
the party who appeals a decision of a lower court
a party who files a notice with a law court
a person who brings an action in a court of law
the party in a lawsuit who obtains a judgment in their own favor
a defendant in a criminal proceeding
a defendant who has been joined together with one or more other defendants in a single action
someone who petitions a court for redress of a grievance or recovery of a right