intellectual

The adjective intellectual describes something related to or using the mind or intellect. Your creative pursuit of singing in a rock band is different from your intellectual interest in 16th-century drama.

Intellectual is often used to describe intensive reasoning and deep thinking, particularly in relation to subjects that tend to spark deep discussion, such as literature or philosophy. An intellectual is also a noun for a cerebral or brainy person who engages in deep thinking, like Plato, Albert Einstein, or your classmate who can speak at length about the relationship between French existentialism and ice hockey.

Definitions of intellectual
  1. adjective
    of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind
    intellectual problems”
    synonyms: noetic, rational
    mental
    involving the mind or an intellectual process
  2. adjective
    involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct
    synonyms: cerebral
    see moresee less
    Antonyms:
    emotional
    determined or actuated by emotion rather than reason
  3. adjective
    appealing to or using the intellect
    “satire is an intellectual weapon”
    intellectual workers engaged in creative literary or artistic or scientific labor”
    “has tremendous intellectual sympathy for oppressed people”
    “coldly intellectual
    “sort of the intellectual type”
    intellectual literature”
    Synonyms:
    educated
    possessing an education (especially having more than average knowledge)
    highbrow, highbrowed
    highly cultured or educated
    rational
    having its source in or being guided by the intellect (as distinguished from experience or emotion)
    reflective
    devoted to matters of the mind
    good, serious
    appealing to the mind
    sophisticated
    intellectually appealing
    mental
    involving the mind or an intellectual process
    scholarly
    characteristic of scholars or scholarship
    see moresee less
    Antonyms:
    nonintellectual
    not intellectual
    anti-intellectual, philistine
    smug and ignorant and indifferent or hostile to artistic and cultural values
    lowbrow, lowbrowed, uncultivated
    characteristic of a person who is not cultivated or does not have intellectual tastes
    mindless
    requiring little mental effort
    unscholarly
    not scholarly
    show more antonyms...
  4. noun
    a person who uses the mind creatively
    synonyms: intellect
    see moresee less
    examples:
    show 198 examples...
    hide 198 examples...
    Pierre Abelard
    French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)
    Saint Ambrose
    (Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)
    Anaxagoras
    a presocratic Athenian philosopher who maintained that everything is composed of very small particles that were arranged by some eternal intelligence (500-428 BC)
    Anaximander
    a presocratic Greek philosopher and student of Thales who believed the universal substance to be infinity rather than something resembling ordinary objects (611-547 BC)
    Anaximenes
    a presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density (6th century BC)
    Saint Thomas Aquinas
    (Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology; presented philosophical proofs of the existence of God (1225-1274)
    Hannah Arendt
    United States historian and political philosopher (born in Germany) (1906-1975)
    Aristotle
    one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great (384-322 BC)
    Arius
    a Greek who was a Christian theologian active in Alexandria and who was declared a heretic for his doctrines about God (which came to be known as Arianism) (256?-336)
    Jakob Hermandszoon
    Dutch Protestant theologian who founded Arminianism which opposed the absolute predestinarianism of John Calvin (1559-1609)
    Arnold of Brescia
    Italian theologian who censured the worldly possessions of monks and the temporal power of bishops and was condemned for dogmatic errors by the Second Lateran Council (early 12th century)
    Athanasius the Great
    (Roman Catholic Church) Greek patriarch of Alexandria who championed Christian orthodoxy against Arianism; a church father, saint, and Doctor of the Church (293-373)
    Augustine of Hippo
    (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man's need for grace (354-430)
    Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd
    Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina
    Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    Viscount St. Albans
    English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    Balthasar
    (New Testament) one of the three sages from the east who came bearing gifts for the infant Jesus
    Karl Barth
    Swiss Protestant theologian (1886-1968)
    St. Basil the Great
    (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379)
    Simone de Beauvoir
    French feminist and existentialist and novelist (1908-1986)
    the Venerable Bede
    (Roman Catholic Church) English monk and scholar (672-735)
    Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmine
    Italian cardinal and theologian (1542-1621)
    Jeremy Bentham
    English philosopher and jurist; founder of utilitarianism (1748-1831)
    Henri Louis Bergson
    French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
    Bishop Berkeley
    Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
    a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)
    Dietrich Bonhoeffer
    German Lutheran theologian and pastor whose works concern Christianity in the modern world; an active opponent of Nazism, he was arrested and sent to Buchenwald and later executed (1906-1945)
    Giordano Bruno
    Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy; condemned for heresy by the Inquisition and burned at the stake (1548-1600)
    Martin Buber
    Israeli religious philosopher (born in Austria); as a Zionist he promoted understanding between Jews and Arabs; his writings affected Christian thinkers as well as Jews (1878-1965)
    Rudolf Karl Bultmann
    a Lutheran theologian in Germany (1884-1976)
    Jean Caulvin
    Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564)
    Albert Camus
    French writer who portrayed the human condition as isolated in an absurd world (1913-1960)
    Thomas Carlyle
    Scottish historian who wrote about the French Revolution (1795-1881)
    Caspar
    (New Testament) one of the three sages from the east who came bearing gifts for the infant Jesus
    Ernst Cassirer
    German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)
    Cleanthes
    ancient Greek philosopher who succeeded Zeno of Citium as the leader of the Stoic school (300-232 BC)
    Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Comte
    French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study
    Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat
    French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
    Kong the Master
    Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    The Admirable Crichton
    Scottish man of letters and adventurer (1560-1582)
    Democritus
    Greek philosopher who developed an atomistic theory of matter (460-370 BC)
    Jacques Derrida
    French philosopher and critic (born in Algeria); exponent of deconstructionism (1930-2004)
    Rene Descartes
    French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions (1596-1650)
    John Dewey
    United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
    Denis Diderot
    French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)
    Diogenes
    an ancient Greek philosopher and Cynic who rejected social conventions (circa 400-325 BC)
    John Duns Scotus
    Scottish theologian who was very influential in the Middle Ages (1265-1308)
    William James Durant
    United States historian (1885-1981)
    Johann Maier Eck
    a German Roman Catholic theologian who was an indefatigable opponent of Martin Luther (1486-1543)
    Johannes Eckhart
    German Roman Catholic theologian and mystic (1260-1327)
    Jonathan Edwards
    American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)
    Empedocles
    Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)
    Epictetus
    Greek philosopher who was a Stoic (circa 50-130)
    Epicurus
    Greek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)
    Desiderius Erasmus
    Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe; although his criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church led to the Reformation, he opposed violence and condemned Martin Luther (1466-1536)
    Eusebius of Caesarea
    Christian bishop of Caesarea in Palestine; a church historian and a leading early Christian exegete (circa 270-340)
    John Hope Franklin
    United States historian noted for studies of Black American history (born in 1915)
    Frederick James Furnivall
    English philologist who first proposed the Oxford English Dictionary (1825-1910)
    Samuel Rawson Gardiner
    British historian remembered for his ten-volume history of England (1829-1902)
    Geoffrey of Monmouth
    Welsh chronicler who wrote an account of the kings of Britain which is now believed to contain little historical fact but it is a source of the Arthurian legend (circa 1100-1154)
    Edward Gibbon
    English historian best known for his history of the Roman Empire (1737-1794)
    Gregory the Great
    (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership; a saint and Doctor of the Church (540?-604)
    St. Gregory of Nazianzen
    (Roman Catholic Church) a church father known for his constant fight against perceived heresies; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-391)
    Ernst Heinrich Haeckel
    German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)
    David Hartley
    English philosopher who introduced the theory of the association of ideas (1705-1757)
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)
    Martin Heidegger
    German philosopher whose views on human existence in a world of objects and on Angst influenced the existential philosophers (1889-1976)
    Heraclitus
    a presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)
    Johann Friedrich Herbart
    German philosopher (1776-1841)
    Johann Gottfried von Herder
    German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)
    Herodotus
    the ancient Greek known as the father of history; his accounts of the wars between the Greeks and Persians are the first known examples of historical writing (485-425 BC)
    Thomas Hobbes
    English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
    Richard Hooker
    English theologian (1554-1600)
    Mark Hopkins
    United States educator and theologian (1802-1887)
    Baron Karl Wilhelm von Humboldt
    German philologist noted for his studies of the relation between language and culture (1767-1835)
    David Hume
    Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
    Edmund Husserl
    German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)
    Hypatia
    Greek philosopher and astronomer; she invented the astrolabe (370-415)
    Saint Ignatius of Loyola
    Spaniard and Roman Catholic theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus; a leading opponent of the Reformation (1491-1556)
    Saint Irenaeus
    Greek theologian who was bishop of Lyons and an antiheretical writer; a saint and Doctor of the Church (circa 130-200)
    William James
    United States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910)
    Cornelius Jansenius
    a Dutch Roman Catholic theologian (1585-1638)
    Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus
    (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian Church whose major work was his translation of the Scriptures from Hebrew and Greek into Latin (which became the Vulgate); a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-420)
    St. John Chrysostom
    (Roman Catholic Church) a Church Father who was a great preacher and bishop of Constantinople; a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-407)
    Joseph ben Matthias
    Jewish general who led the revolt of the Jews against the Romans and then wrote a history of those events (37-100)
    Benjamin Jowett
    English classical scholar noted for his translations of Plato and Aristotle (1817-1893)
    Immanuel Kant
    influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)
    Soren Aabye Kierkegaard
    Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
    John Knox
    Scottish theologian who founded Presbyterianism in Scotland and wrote a history of the Reformation in Scotland (1514-1572)
    Lao-tse
    Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz
    German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Titus Livius
    Roman historian whose history of Rome filled 142 volumes (of which only 35 survive) including the earliest history of the war with Hannibal (59 BC to AD 17)
    John Locke
    English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
    Lorenzo the Magnificent
    Italian statesman and scholar who supported many artists and humanists including Michelangelo and Leonardo and Botticelli (1449-1492)
    Titus Lucretius Carus
    Roman philosopher and poet; in a long didactic poem he tried to provide a scientific explanation of the universe (96-55 BC)
    Raymond Lully
    Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)
    Martin Luther
    German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds (1483-1546)
    Thomas Babington Macaulay
    English historian noted for his history of England (1800-1859)
    Ernst Mach
    Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
    Niccolo Machiavelli
    a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
    Alfred Thayer Mahan
    United States naval officer and historian (1840-1914)
    Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon
    Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
    Frederic William Maitland
    English historian noted for his works on the history of English law (1850-1906)
    Nicolas de Malebranche
    French philosopher (1638-1715)
    Edmond Malone
    English scholar remembered for his chronology of Shakespeare's plays and his editions of Shakespeare and Dryden (1741-1812)
    Herbert Marcuse
    United States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)
    Karl Marx
    founder of modern communism; wrote the Communist Manifesto with Engels in 1848; wrote Das Kapital in 1867 (1818-1883)
    John Bach McMaster
    United States historian who wrote a nine volume history of the people of the United States (1852-1932)
    George Herbert Mead
    United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)
    Philipp Melanchthon
    German theologian and Luther's successor as leader of the Reformation in Germany (1497-1560)
    Melchior
    (New Testament) one of the three sages from the east who came bearing gifts for the infant Jesus; usually represented as a king of Nubia
    John Stuart Mill
    English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
    James Mill
    Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)
    Theodor Mommsen
    German historian noted for his history of Rome (1817-1903)
    Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu
    French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
    George Edward Moore
    English philosopher (1873-1958)
    Friedrich Max Muller
    British philologist (born in Germany) who specialized in Sanskrit (1823-1900)
    Sir James Augustus Henry Murray
    Scottish philologist and the lexicographer who shaped the Oxford English Dictionary (1837-1915)
    George Gilbert Aime Murphy
    British classical scholar (born in Australia) who advocated the League of Nations and the United Nations (1866-1957)
    John Henry Newman
    English prelate and theologian who (with John Keble and Edward Pusey) founded the Oxford movement; Newman later turned to Roman Catholicism and became a cardinal (1801-1890)
    Barthold George Niebuhr
    German historian noted for his critical approach to sources and for his history of Rome (1776-1831)
    Reinhold Niebuhr
    United States Protestant theologian (1892-1971)
    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
    influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values; considered, along with Kierkegaard, to be a founder of existentialism (1844-1900)
    Michel de Notredame
    French astrologer who wrote cryptic predictions whose interpretations are still being debated (1503-1566)
    William of Ockham
    English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    Origen
    Greek philosopher and theologian who reinterpreted Christian doctrine through the philosophy of Neoplatonism; his work was later condemned as unorthodox (185-254)
    Jose Ortega y Gasset
    Spanish philosopher who advocated leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)
    Erwin Panofsky
    art historian (1892-1968)
    Cyril Northcote Parkinson
    British historian noted for ridicule of bureaucracies (1909-1993)
    Parmenides
    a presocratic Greek philosopher born in Italy; held the metaphysical view that being is the basic substance and ultimate reality of which all things are composed; said that motion and change are sensory illusions (5th century BC)
    Blaise Pascal
    French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)
    Charles Sanders Peirce
    United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Ralph Barton Perry
    United States philosopher (1876-1957)
    Plato
    ancient Athenian philosopher; pupil of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle (428-347 BC)
    Plotinus
    Roman philosopher (born in Egypt) who was the leading representative of Neoplatonism (205-270)
    Edward Bouverie Pusey
    English theologian who (with John Henry Newman and John Keble) founded the Oxford movement (1800-1882)
    Pythagoras
    Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem; considered to be the first true mathematician (circa 580-500 BC)
    Willard Van Orman Quine
    United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
    Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
    Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
    Rasmus Christian Rask
    Danish philologist whose work on Old Norse pioneered in the field of comparative linguistics (1787-1832)
    Thomas Reid
    Scottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)
    James Harvey Robinson
    United States historian who stressed the importance of intellectual and social events for the course of history (1863-1936)
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)
    Bertrand Arthur William Russell
    English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
    Jean-Paul Sartre
    French writer and existentialist philosopher (1905-1980)
    Saxo Grammaticus
    Danish historian who chronicled the history of Denmark (including the legend of Hamlet) (1150?-1220?)
    Arthur Meier Schlesinger
    United States historian (1888-1965)
    Arthur Meier Schlesinger Jr.
    United States historian and advisor to President Kennedy (born in 1917)
    Arthur Schopenhauer
    German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)
    Albert Schweitzer
    French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Lucius Annaeus Seneca
    Roman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero; his nine extant tragedies are modeled on Greek tragedies (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)
    Walter William Skeat
    English philologist (1835-1912)
    Fausto Paolo Sozzini
    Italian theologian who argued against Trinitarianism (1539-1604)
    Socrates
    ancient Athenian philosopher; teacher of Plato and Xenophon (470-399 BC)
    Herbert Spencer
    English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
    Oswald Spengler
    German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)
    Benedict de Spinoza
    Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    Rudolf Steiner
    Austrian philosopher who founded anthroposophy (1861-1925)
    Dugald Stewart
    Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)
    William Stubbs
    English historian noted for his constitutional history of medieval England (1825-1901)
    Emanuel Swedenborg
    Swedish theologian (1688-1772)
    Publius Cornelius Tacitus
    Roman historian who wrote major works on the history of the Roman Empire (56-120)
    Sir Rabindranath Tagore
    Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
    Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
    French paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)
    Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus
    Carthaginian theologian whose writing influenced early Christian theology (160-230)
    Thales of Miletus
    a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)
    Theophrastus
    Greek philosopher who was a student of Aristotle and who succeeded Aristotle as the leader of the Peripatetics (371-287 BC)
    Thucydides
    ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC)
    Paul Johannes Tillich
    United States theologian (born in Germany) (1886-1965)
    John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
    British philologist and writer of fantasies (born in South Africa) (1892-1973)
    Arnold Joseph Toynbee
    English historian who studied the rise and fall of civilizations looking for cyclical patterns (1889-1975)
    Sir George Otto Trevelyan
    English historian who wrote a history of the American revolution and a biography of his uncle Lord Macaulay (1838-1928)
    George Macaulay Trevelyan
    English historian and son of Sir George Otto Trevelyan whose works include a social history of England and a biography of Garibaldi (1876-1962)
    Barbara Wertheim Tuchman
    United States historian (1912-1989)
    Frederick Jackson Turner
    United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)
    Marcus Terentius Varro
    Roman scholar (116-27 BC)
    Giorgio Vasari
    Italian painter and art historian (1511-1574)
    Karl Adolph Verner
    Danish philologist (1846-1896)
    Sir Paul Gavrilovich Vinogradoff
    British historian (born in Russia) (1854-1925)
    Fourth Earl of Orford
    English writer and historian; son of Sir Robert Walpole (1717-1797)
    Aby Moritz Warburg
    German art historian (1866-1929)
    Isaac Watts
    English poet and theologian (1674-1748)
    Simone Weil
    French philosopher (1909-1943)
    Alfred North Whitehead
    English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)
    Eliezer Wiesel
    United States writer (born in Romania) who survived Nazi concentration camps and is dedicated to keeping alive the memory of the Holocaust (born in 1928)
    Bernard Arthur Owen Williams
    English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
    Johann Joachim Winckelmann
    German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)
    Ludwig Josef Johan Wittgenstein
    British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)
    Friedrich August Wolf
    German classical scholar who claimed that the Iliad and Odyssey were composed by several authors (1759-1824)
    Comer Vann Woodward
    United States historian (1908-1999)
    John Wickliffe
    English theologian whose objections to Roman Catholic doctrine anticipated the Protestant Reformation (1328-1384)
    Xenophanes
    Greek philosopher (560-478 BC)
    Xenophon
    Greek general and historian; student of Socrates (430-355 BC)
    Zeno of Citium
    ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)
    Zeno of Elea
    ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)
    Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf
    German theologian (1700-1760)
    Huldreich Zwingli
    Swiss theologian whose sermons began the Reformation in Switzerland (1484-1531)
    Cassandra
    (Greek mythology) a prophetess in Troy during the Trojan War whose predictions were true but were never believed
    types:
    show 74 types...
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    anomalist
    someone who has a special interest in exceptional cases
    exponent
    someone who expounds and interprets or explains
    alchemist
    one who was versed in the practice of alchemy and who sought an elixir of life and a panacea and an alkahest and the philosopher's stone
    aphorist
    someone who formulates aphorisms or who repeats aphorisms
    bel esprit
    a witty or clever person with a fine mind
    clever Dick, clever clogs
    an intellectual who is ostentatiously and irritatingly knowledgeable
    decipherer, decoder
    the kind of intellectual who converts messages from a code to plain text
    egghead
    an intellectual; a very studious and academic person
    expositor, expounder
    a person who explains
    Einstein, brain, brainiac, genius, mastermind
    someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality
    highbrow
    a person of intellectual or erudite tastes
    mentor, wise man
    a wise and trusted guide and advisor
    bookman, scholar, scholarly person, student
    a learned person (especially in the humanities); someone who by long study has gained mastery in one or more disciplines
    doubter, sceptic, skeptic
    someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs
    specifier
    someone who draws up specifications giving details (as for obtaining a patent)
    subjectivist
    a person who subscribes to subjectivism
    synthesiser, synthesist, synthesizer
    an intellectual who synthesizes or uses synthetic methods
    idealogue, theoretician, theoriser, theorist, theorizer
    someone who theorizes (especially in science or art)
    creative thinker, mind, thinker
    an important intellectual
    thinker
    someone who exercises the mind (usually in an effort to reach a decision)
    illusionist, seer, visionary
    a person with unusual powers of foresight
    wonderer
    someone who is curious about something
    academician, schoolman
    a scholar who is skilled in academic disputation
    alum, alumna, alumnus, grad, graduate
    a person who has received a degree from a school (high school or college or university)
    anticipant, anticipator
    one who anticipates
    Arabist
    a scholar who specializes in Arab languages and culture
    bibliographer
    someone trained in compiling bibliographies
    bibliophile, book lover, booklover
    someone who loves (and usually collects) books
    brain-worker, brainworker
    someone whose profession involves using his head to solve problems
    Cabalist, Kabbalist
    a student of the Jewish Kabbalah
    classifier
    a person who creates classifications
    cryptanalyst, cryptographer, cryptologist
    decoder skilled in the analysis of codes and cryptograms
    divergent thinker
    a thinker who moves away from the problem as stated and often has novel ideas and solutions
    diviner
    someone who claims to discover hidden knowledge with the aid of supernatural powers
    Dr., doctor
    a person who holds Ph.D. degree (or the equivalent) from an academic institution
    doubting Thomas
    someone who demands physical evidence in order to be convinced (especially when this demand is out of place)
    excogitator
    a thinker who considers carefully and thoroughly
    fantast, futurist
    someone who predicts the future
    forecaster, predictor, prognosticator, soothsayer
    someone who makes predictions of the future (usually on the basis of special knowledge)
    goliard
    a wandering scholar in medieval Europe; famed for intemperance and riotous behavior and the composition of satirical and ribald Latin songs
    historian, historiographer
    a person who is an authority on history and who studies it and writes about it
    humanist
    a classical scholar or student of the liberal arts
    initiate, learned person, pundit, savant
    someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field
    Islamist
    a scholar who knowledgeable in Islamic studies
    licentiate
    holds a license (degree) from a (European) university
    Masorete, Masorite, Massorete
    a scholar who is expert on the Masorah (especially one of the Jewish scribes who contributed to the Masorah)
    master
    someone who holds a master's degree from academic institution
    mujtihad
    an Islamic scholar who engages in ijtihad, the effort to derive rules of divine law from Muslim sacred texts
    muller, muser, ponderer, ruminator
    a reflective thinker characterized by quiet contemplation
    musicologist
    a student of musicology
    arranger, organiser, organizer
    a person who brings order and organization to an enterprise
    bookworm, pedant, scholastic
    a person who pays more attention to formal rules and book learning than they merit
    pessimist
    a person who expects the worst
    philomath
    a lover of learning
    philosopher
    a specialist in philosophy
    philosophiser, philosophizer
    someone who considers situations from a philosophical point of view
    post doc, postdoc
    a scholar or researcher who is involved in academic study beyond the level of a doctoral degree
    convergent thinker, problem solver, solver
    a thinker who focuses on the problem as stated and tries to synthesize information and knowledge to achieve a solution
    prodigy
    an unusually gifted or intelligent (young) person; someone whose talents excite wonder and admiration
    reader
    a person who enjoys reading
    ratiocinator, reasoner
    someone who reasons logically
    Renaissance man
    a scholar during the Renaissance who (because knowledge was limited) could know almost everything about many topics
    Renaissance man, generalist
    a modern scholar who is in a position to acquire more than superficial knowledge about many different interests
    rocket scientist
    a clever thinker
    sage
    a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics who is renowned for profound wisdom
    salutatorian, salutatory speaker
    a graduating student with the second highest academic rank; may deliver the opening address at graduation exercises
    scholiast
    a scholar who writes explanatory notes on an author (especially an ancient commentator on a classical author)
    Schoolman, medieval Schoolman
    a scholar in one of the universities of the Middle Ages; versed in scholasticism
    Shakespearean, Shakespearian
    a Shakespearean scholar
    Sinologist
    a student of Chinese history and language and culture
    speculator
    someone who makes conjectures without knowing the facts
    theologian, theologiser, theologist, theologizer
    someone who is learned in theology or who speculates about theology
    valedictorian, valedictory speaker
    the student with the best grades who usually delivers the valedictory address at commencement
    Vedist
    a scholar of or an authority on the Vedas
    type of:
    individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
    a human being
Word Family