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hydrocarbon

Definitions of hydrocarbon
  1. noun
    an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
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    chlorobenzene
    a colorless volatile flammable liquid with an almond odor that is made from chlorine and benzene; used as a solvent and in the production of phenol and DDT and other organic compounds
    aromatic compound
    a hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of compounds
    gasohol
    a gasoline substitute consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% grain alcohol from corn
    gas, gasolene, gasoline, petrol
    a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines
    coal oil, kerosene, kerosine, lamp oil
    a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
    aromatic hydrocarbon
    a hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds
    indene
    a colorless liquid hydrocarbon extracted from petroleum or coal tar and used in making synthetic resins
    cymene
    any of three isotopes of a colorless aromatic liquid hydrocarbon occurring in the volatile oil of cumin and thyme and used in the manufacture of synthetic resins
    dioxin
    any of several toxic or carcinogenic hydrocarbons that occur as impurities in herbicides
    C2H6, ethane
    a colorless odorless alkane gas used as fuel
    bottled gas, liquefied petroleum gas
    hydrocarbon gases, usually propane or butane, kept under pressure
    bitumen
    any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
    butadiene
    a gaseous hydrocarbon C4H6; used in making synthetic rubbers
    naphtha
    any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
    naphthalene
    a white crystalline strong-smelling hydrocarbon made from coal tar or petroleum and used in organic synthesis and as a fumigant in mothballs
    pyrene
    a pale yellow crystalline hydrocarbon C16H10 extracted from coal tar
    octane
    any isomeric saturated hydrocarbon found in petroleum and used as a fuel and solvent
    gas oil
    an oil formed through distillation of petroleum of intermediate boiling range and viscosity
    terpene
    an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
    provitamin
    vitamin precursor; a substance that is converted into a vitamin in animal tissues
    leaded gasoline, leaded petrol
    gasoline treated with a lead compound to reduce motor knocks
    benzene, benzine, benzol
    a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
    pitch, tar
    any of various dark heavy viscid substances obtained as a residue
    chloroprene
    derivative of butadiene used in making neoprene by polymerization
    paraffin, paraffin oil
    (British usage) kerosine
    limonene
    a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
    napalm
    gasoline jelled with aluminum soaps; highly incendiary liquid used in fire bombs and flamethrowers
    unleaded gasoline, unleaded petrol
    gasoline that has not been treated with a lead compound
    carotene, carotin, provitamin A
    an orange isomer of an unsaturated hydrocarbon found in many plants; is converted into vitamin A in the liver
    type of:
    organic compound
    any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
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