harsh

Harsh means severe or strict, particularly when referring to punishment. It would be a harsh punishment if you got grounded for two weeks just for coming home a little late for dinner.

There are many shades of meaning for the word harsh depending on its context, but all imply that something is more unpleasant than it needs to be. Harsh lighting hurts your eyes. A harsh disciplinarian gives out punishments that are too severe. Whereas constructive criticism is usually helpful, a harsh critique will only make you upset. The harsh reality of the world today is that millions of people are starving while others have too much.

Definitions of harsh
1

adj disagreeable to the senses

“the harsh cry of a blue jay”
harsh cognac”
“the harsh white light makes you screw up your eyes”
harsh irritating smoke filled the hallway”
Synonyms:
unpleasant
disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings

adj of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles

Synonyms:
coarse
coarse-grained, large-grained
not having a fine texture
coarse-grained, farinaceous, grainy, granular, granulose, gritty, mealy
composed of or covered with particles resembling meal in texture or consistency
granulated
made grainy or formed into granules
plush-like, plushy
(of textures) resembling plush
loose, open
(of textures) full of small openings or gaps
rough, unsmooth
having or caused by an irregular surface
Antonyms:
fine
of textures that are smooth to the touch or substances consisting of relatively small particles
close, tight
of textiles
close-grained, fine-grained
dense or compact in structure or texture, as a wood composed of small-diameter cells
dustlike
as fine and powdery as dust
floury
resembling flour in fine powdery texture
nongranular
not having granules
fine-grained, powdered, powdery, pulverised, pulverized, small-grained
consisting of fine particles
small
have fine or very small constituent particles
superfine
of extremely fine size or texture
smooth
having a surface free from roughness or bumps or ridges or irregularities
show more antonyms...

adj unkind or cruel or uncivil

“had harsh words”
“a harsh and unlovable old tyrant”
Synonyms:
rough
unkind
lacking kindness

adj severe

“a harsh penalty”
Synonyms:
heavy
unusually great in degree or quantity or number

adj unpleasantly stern

“wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus”
Synonyms:
rough
unpleasant
disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings

adj sharply disagreeable; rigorous

“the harsh facts of court delays”
Synonyms:
abrasive
disagreeable
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