grammatical relation

Definitions of grammatical relation
1

n a linguistic relation established by grammar

Types:
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agreement, concord
the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relations
transitiveness, transitivity
the grammatical relation created by a transitive verb
intransitiveness, intransitivity
the grammatical relation created by an intransitive verb
coreference
the grammatical relation between two words that have a common referent
conjunction
the grammatical relation between linguistic units (words or phrases or clauses) that are connected by a conjunction
complementation
the grammatical relation of a word or phrase to a predicate
coordination
the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
subordination
the grammatical relation of a modifying word or phrase to its head
limiting, modification, qualifying
the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase
modality, mode, mood
verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
anaphoric relation
the relation between an anaphor and its antecedent
voice
(linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes
inflection, inflexion
a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function
aspect
the beginning or duration or completion or repetition of the action of a verb
number agreement
agreement in number between words in the same grammatical construction (e.g., between adjectives and the nouns they modify)
person agreement
agreement in person between pronouns and verbs
case agreement
agreement in grammatical case between words in the same construction
gender agreement
agreement in grammatical gender between words in the same construction
reflexiveness, reflexivity
the coreferential relation between a reflexive pronoun and its antecedent
coordinating conjunction
the coordination by conjunction of linguistic units of the same status
subordinating conjunction
the subordination that occurs when a conjunction makes one linguistic unit a constituent of another
copulative conjunction
the conjunctive relation of units that expresses the addition of their meanings
disjunctive conjunction
the conjunctive relation of units that expresses the disjunction of their meanings
adversative conjunction
the conjunctive relation of units that expresses the opposition of their meanings
restrictiveness
a grammatical qualification that makes the meaning more specific (`red hat' has a more specific meaning than `hat')
apposition
a grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows
common mood, declarative, declarative mood, fact mood, indicative, indicative mood
a mood (grammatically unmarked) that represents the act or state as an objective fact
subjunctive, subjunctive mood
a mood that represents an act or state (not as a fact but) as contingent or possible
optative, optative mood
a mood (as in Greek or Sanskrit) that expresses a wish or hope; expressed in English by modal verbs
imperative, imperative form, imperative mood, jussive mood
a mood that expresses an intention to influence the listener's behavior
interrogative, interrogative mood
some linguists consider interrogative sentences to constitute a mood
active, active voice
the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb
passive, passive voice
the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
conjugation
the inflection of verbs
declension
the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages
paradigm
systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
pluralisation, pluralization
the act of pluralizing or attributing plurality to
perfective, perfective aspect
the aspect of a verb that expresses a completed action
durative, durative aspect
the aspect of a verb that expresses its duration
inchoative, inchoative aspect
aspect with regard to the beginning of the action of the verb
iterative, iterative aspect
the aspect of the verb that expresses the repetition of an action
Type of:
linguistic relation
a relation between linguistic forms or constituents