grammatical relation

Definitions of grammatical relation
  1. noun
    a linguistic relation established by grammar
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    types:
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    agreement, concord
    the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relations
    transitiveness, transitivity
    the grammatical relation created by a transitive verb
    intransitiveness, intransitivity
    the grammatical relation created by an intransitive verb
    coreference
    the grammatical relation between two words that have a common referent
    conjunction
    the grammatical relation between linguistic units (words or phrases or clauses) that are connected by a conjunction
    complementation
    the grammatical relation of a word or phrase to a predicate
    coordination
    the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
    subordination
    the grammatical relation of a modifying word or phrase to its head
    limiting, modification, qualifying
    the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase
    modality, mode, mood
    verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
    anaphoric relation
    the relation between an anaphor and its antecedent
    voice
    (linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes
    inflection, inflexion
    a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function
    aspect
    the beginning or duration or completion or repetition of the action of a verb
    number agreement
    agreement in number between words in the same grammatical construction (e.g., between adjectives and the nouns they modify)
    person agreement
    agreement in person between pronouns and verbs
    case agreement
    agreement in grammatical case between words in the same construction
    gender agreement
    agreement in grammatical gender between words in the same construction
    reflexiveness, reflexivity
    the coreferential relation between a reflexive pronoun and its antecedent
    coordinating conjunction
    the coordination by conjunction of linguistic units of the same status
    subordinating conjunction
    the subordination that occurs when a conjunction makes one linguistic unit a constituent of another
    copulative conjunction
    the conjunctive relation of units that expresses the addition of their meanings
    disjunctive conjunction
    the conjunctive relation of units that expresses the disjunction of their meanings
    adversative conjunction
    the conjunctive relation of units that expresses the opposition of their meanings
    restrictiveness
    a grammatical qualification that makes the meaning more specific (`red hat' has a more specific meaning than `hat')
    apposition
    a grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows
    common mood, declarative, declarative mood, fact mood, indicative, indicative mood
    a mood (grammatically unmarked) that represents the act or state as an objective fact
    subjunctive, subjunctive mood
    a mood that represents an act or state (not as a fact but) as contingent or possible
    optative, optative mood
    a mood (as in Greek or Sanskrit) that expresses a wish or hope; expressed in English by modal verbs
    imperative, imperative form, imperative mood, jussive mood
    a mood that expresses an intention to influence the listener's behavior
    interrogative, interrogative mood
    some linguists consider interrogative sentences to constitute a mood
    active, active voice
    the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb
    passive, passive voice
    the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
    conjugation
    the inflection of verbs
    declension
    the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages
    paradigm
    systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
    pluralisation, pluralization
    the act of pluralizing or attributing plurality to
    perfective, perfective aspect
    the aspect of a verb that expresses a completed action
    durative, durative aspect
    the aspect of a verb that expresses its duration
    inchoative, inchoative aspect
    aspect with regard to the beginning of the action of the verb
    iterative, iterative aspect
    the aspect of the verb that expresses the repetition of an action
    type of:
    linguistic relation
    a relation between linguistic forms or constituents
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