forbear

When you forbear, you hold yourself back from doing something. If you're mad at your best friend, you might forbear to return her text messages for a while.

If you forbear to giggle during your teacher's stern lecture, that's a good thing. You keep yourself from laughing out loud, even though that's instinctively what you want to do. The Old English root, forberan, means "control one's feelings, or tolerate." A less common way to use forbear is as a noun meaning "ancestor." So if you're refraining from reading about your ancestors, you can say you forbear to learn about your forbears.

Definitions of forbear
  1. verb
    refrain from doing
    “she forbore a snicker”
    synonyms: hold back
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    type of:
    refrain
    resist doing something
  2. verb
    resist doing something
    “she could not forbear weeping”
    synonyms: refrain
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    Antonyms:
    act, move
    perform an action, or work out or perform (an action)
    types:
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    leave, leave alone, leave behind
    leave unchanged or undisturbed or refrain from taking
    let it go
    not act
    abstain
    refrain from voting
    save, spare
    refrain from harming
    hold back
    refrain from doing
    help, help oneself
    abstain from doing; always used with a negative
    stand by
    not act or do anything
    sit out
    not participate in (an activity, such as a dance or a sports event)
    let
    leave unchanged
    favor, favour
    treat gently or carefully
  3. noun
    a person from whom you are descended
    synonyms: forebear
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    types:
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    grandparent
    a parent of your father or mother
    great grandparent
    a parent of your grandparent
    gramps, grandad, granddad, granddaddy, grandfather, grandpa
    the father of your father or mother
    gran, grandma, grandmother, grannie, granny, nan, nanna
    the mother of your father or mother
    great grandmother
    a mother of your grandparent
    great grandfather
    a father of your grandparent
    type of:
    ancestor, antecedent, ascendant, ascendent, root
    someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
Word Family