abstain

If you abstain from something, you restrain yourself from consuming it. People usually abstain from things that are considered vices — like eating French fries every day for lunch.

Roots of the word abstain are from the 14th-century French, "to withhold oneself," and the word often refers to people who hold themselves back from indulging in habits that are bad for them, physically or morally. Abstain can also mean to withhold a vote, and sometimes a difficult decision is stalled when government representatives abstain from voting one way or another.

Primary Meanings of abstain

1.
v
choose not to partake in or consume
2.
v
refrain from voting
Full Definitions of abstain
1

v choose not to partake in or consume

“I abstain from alcohol”
Synonyms:
desist, refrain
Antonyms:
consume, have, ingest, take, take in
serve oneself to, or consume regularly
Types:
show 6 types...
hide 6 types...
fast
abstain from eating
fast
abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
avoid, keep off
refrain from certain foods or beverages
teetotal
practice teetotalism and abstain from the consumption of alcoholic beverages
diet
eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight
diet
follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
2

v refrain from voting

Type of:
forbear, refrain
resist doing something

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