Definitions of eubacterium
  1. noun
    a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
    synonyms: eubacteria, true bacteria
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    B, bacillus
    aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
    cocci, coccus
    any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
    a bacterial cell intermediate in morphology between a coccus and a bacillus; a very short bacillus
    spirilla, spirillum
    any flagellated aerobic bacteria having a spirally twisted rodlike form
    clostridia, clostridium
    spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
    Clostridium botulinum, botulinum, botulinus
    anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
    clostridium perfringens
    anaerobic Gram-positive rod bacterium that produces epsilon toxin; can be used as a bioweapon
    blue-green algae, cyanobacteria
    predominantly photosynthetic prokaryotic organisms containing a blue pigment in addition to chlorophyll; occur singly or in colonies in diverse habitats; important as phytoplankton
    phototrophic bacteria, phototropic bacteria
    green and purple bacteria; energy for growth is derived from sunlight; carbon is derived from carbon dioxide or organic carbon
    bacteria usually producing greenish fluorescent water-soluble pigment; some pathogenic for plants and animals
    bacteria producing yellow non-water-soluble pigments; some pathogenic for plants
    nitric bacteria, nitrobacteria
    soil bacteria that convert nitrites to nitrates
    nitrosobacteria, nitrous bacteria
    soil bacteria that oxidize ammonia to nitrites
    small rod-shaped bacteria living in sewage or soil and oxidizing sulfur
    spirally twisted elongate rodlike bacteria usually living in stagnant water
    vibrio, vibrion
    curved rodlike motile bacterium
    any species of the genus Corynebacterium
    any species of the genus Listeria
    enteric bacteria, enterics, enterobacteria, entric
    rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria; most occur normally or pathogenically in intestines of humans and other animals
    endospore-forming bacteria
    a group of true bacteria
    any of a group of very small rod-shaped bacteria that live in biting arthropods (as ticks and mites) and cause disease in vertebrate hosts; they cause typhus and other febrile diseases in human beings
    coccoid rickettsia infesting birds and mammals; cause infections of eyes and lungs and genitourinary tract
    any of a group of small parasitic bacteria that lack cell walls and can survive without oxygen; can cause pneumonia and urinary tract infection
    any bacteria (some of which are pathogenic for humans and animals) belonging to the order Actinomycetales
    soil-inhabiting saprophytes and disease-producing plant and animal parasites
    mycobacteria, mycobacterium
    rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
    gliding bacteria, myxobacter, myxobacteria, myxobacterium, slime bacteria
    bacteria that form colonies in self-produced slime; inhabit moist soils or decaying plant matter or animal waste
    a Gram-positive rod-shaped bacterium that produces lactic acid (especially in milk)
    strep, streptococci, streptococcus
    spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis
    spirochaete, spirochete
    parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
    Bacillus anthracis, anthrax bacillus
    a species of bacillus that causes anthrax in humans and in animals (cattle and swine and sheep and rabbits and mice and guinea pigs); can be used a bioweapon
    Bacillus globigii, Bacillus subtilis, grass bacillus, hay bacillus
    a species of bacillus found in soil and decomposing organic matter; some strains produce antibiotics
    Yersinia pestis
    a bacillus bacterium that causes the plague; aerosolized bacteria can be used as a bioweapon
    an aerobic Gram-negative coccobacillus that causes brucellosis; can be used as a bioweapon
    found in moist places as rounded jellylike colonies
    large colonial bacterium common in tropical open-ocean waters; important in carbon and nitrogen fixation
    purple bacteria
    free-living Gram-negative pink to purplish-brown bacteria containing bacteriochlorophyll
    Pseudomonas solanacearum, ring rot bacteria
    causes brown rot in tomatoes and potatoes and tobacco etc
    sulfur bacteria, sulphur bacteria, thiobacteria
    any bacterium of the genus Thiobacillus
    Spirillum minus, ratbite fever bacterium
    a bacterium causing ratbite fever
    Vibrio comma, comma bacillus
    comma-shaped bacteria that cause Asiatic cholera
    Vibrio fetus
    bacteria that cause abortion in sheep
    C. diphtheriae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Klebs-Loeffler bacillus
    a species of bacterium that causes diphtheria
    L. monocytogenes, Listeria monocytogenes
    the type species of the genus Listeria; can cause meningitis, encephalitis, septicemia, endocarditis, abortion, abscesses, listeriosis
    a genus of enteric bacteria
    a genus of nonmotile rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some cause respiratory and other infections
    rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; cause typhoid fever and food poisoning; can be used as a bioweapon
    rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some are pathogenic for warm-blooded animals; can be used as a bioweapon
    rod-shaped motile bacteria that attack plants
    C. psittaci, Chlamydia psittaci
    bacteria responsible for the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia
    C. trachomatis, Chlamydia trachomatis
    bacteria responsible for the sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia and lymphogranuloma venereum
    PPLO, pleuropneumonialike organism
    a mycoplasma resistant to antibiotics that causes a kind of pneumonia in humans
    aerobic bacteria (some of which produce the antibiotic streptomycin)
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis, tubercle bacillus
    cause of tuberculosis
    Mycobacterium leprae, leprosy bacillus
    cause of leprosy
    staph, staphylococci, staphylococcus
    spherical Gram-positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
    Lactobacillus acidophilus, acidophilus
    a bacterium that is used to make yogurt and to supplement probiotics
    spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)
    cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
    Borrelia burgdorferi, Lime disease spirochete
    cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
    important pathogens causing Weil's disease or canicola fever
    type of:
    moneran, moneron
    organisms that typically reproduce by asexual budding or fission and whose nutritional mode is absorption or photosynthesis or chemosynthesis
    bacteria, bacterium
    (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
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