disprove

When you disprove something, you argue against it or give evidence that it's not true. A student falsely accused of cheating on a test will work hard to disprove it.

Even though it took years to be acknowledged, Galileo's theory that the planets revolve around the sun managed eventually to disprove previous ideas that the Earth was at the center of the universe. If your friends think your family is ridiculously wealthy, you can disprove this idea by showing them the tiny house you live in and the beat up old car your dad drives. The Old French source of disprove is desprover, "refute or contradict."

Definitions of disprove
  1. verb
    prove to be false
    “The physicist disproved his colleagues' theories”
    synonyms: confute
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    Antonyms:
    demonstrate, establish, prove, shew, show
    establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment
    types:
    explode
    show (a theory or claim) to be baseless, or refute and make obsolete
    controvert, rebut, refute
    prove to be false or incorrect
    falsify
    prove false
    type of:
    contradict, negate
    prove negative; show to be false
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