demesne

In medieval Europe, a demesne was the part of a lord's land that he kept for his own use. These days, it's more often used to mean "property" or "territory."

The term demesne was originally used to distinguish land totally controlled by a lord from areas that were turned over to tenants. Demesne lands were often farmed and tended by serfs, with the profits or crops going to the lord and his family. Demesne comes from the Latin dominicus, "belonging to a master," and its root domus, "house," which it shares with domicile.

Definitions of demesne
1

n territory over which rule or control is exercised

Synonyms:
domain, land
Types:
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archduchy
the domain controlled by an archduke or archduchess
barony
the domain of a baron
duchy, dukedom
the domain controlled by a duke or duchess
earldom
the domain controlled by an earl or count or countess
emirate
the domain controlled by an emir
empire, imperium
the domain ruled by an emperor or empress; the region over which imperial dominion is exercised
fiefdom
the domain controlled by a feudal lord
grand duchy
the domain controlled by a grand duke or grand duchess
viscounty
the domain controlled by a viscount or viscountess
khanate
the realm of a khan
kingdom, realm
the domain ruled by a king or queen
princedom, principality
territory ruled by a prince
sheikdom, sheikhdom
the domain ruled by a sheik
suzerainty
the domain of a suzerain
Type of:
region
a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth

n extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use

Synonyms:
acres, estate, land, landed estate
Types:
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freehold
an estate held in fee simple or for life
glebe
plot of land belonging to an English parish church or an ecclesiastical office
leasehold
land or property held under a lease
smallholding
a piece of land under 50 acres that is sold or let to someone for cultivation
homestead
land acquired from the United States public lands by filing a record and living on and cultivating it under the homestead law
feoff, fief
a piece of land held under the feudal system
barony
the estate of a baron
countryseat
an estate in the country
Crown land
land that belongs to the Crown
manor
the landed estate of a lord (including the house on it)
seigneury, seigniory, signory
the estate of a seigneur
hacienda
a large estate in Spanish-speaking countries
plantation
an estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale (especially in tropical areas)
entail
land received by fee tail
orangery
a place where oranges are grown; a plantation of orange trees in warm climes or a greenhouse in cooler areas
Type of:
immovable, real estate, real property, realty
property consisting of houses and land

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