chemist

Definitions of chemist
  1. noun
    a scientist who specializes in chemistry
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    Svante August Arrhenius
    Swedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927)
    Jons Jakob Berzelius
    Swedish chemist who discovered three new elements and determined the atomic weights of many others (1779-1848)
    Joseph Black
    British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)
    Robert Boyle
    Irish chemist who established that air has weight and whose definitions of chemical elements and chemical reactions helped to dissociate chemistry from alchemy (1627-1691)
    Eduard Buchner
    German organic chemist who studied alcoholic fermentation and discovered zymase (1860-1917)
    Robert Wilhelm Bunsen
    German chemist who with Kirchhoff pioneered spectrum analysis but is remembered mainly for his invention of the Bunsen burner (1811-1899)
    Melvin Calvin
    United States chemist noted for discovering the series of chemical reactions in photosynthesis (1911-)
    Wallace Hume Carothers
    United States chemist who developed nylon (1896-1937)
    George Washington Carver
    United States botanist and agricultural chemist who developed many uses for peanuts and soy beans and sweet potatoes (1864-1943)
    Henry Cavendish
    British chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density of the earth (1731-1810)
    Sir William Crookes
    English chemist and physicist; discovered thallium; invented the radiometer and studied cathode rays (1832-1919)
    Marya Sklodowska
    French chemist (born in Poland) who won two Nobel prizes; one (with her husband and Henri Becquerel) for research on radioactivity and another for her discovery of radium and polonium (1867-1934)
    Robert Floyd Curl Jr.
    American chemist who with Richard Smalley and Harold Kroto discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1933)
    John Dalton
    English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures; gave the first description of red-green color blindness (1766-1844)
    Sir Humphrey Davy
    English chemist who was a pioneer in electrochemistry and who used it to isolate elements sodium and potassium and barium and boron and calcium and magnesium and chlorine (1778-1829)
    Sir James Dewar
    Scottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923)
    Manfred Eigen
    German chemist who did research on high-speed chemical reactions (born in 1927)
    Richard August Carl Emil Erlenmeyer
    German chemist (1825-1909)
    Michael Faraday
    the English physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867)
    Emil Hermann Fischer
    German chemist noted for work on synthetic sugars and the purines (1852-1919)
    Hans Fischer
    German chemist noted for his synthesis of hemin (1881-1945)
    Paul John Flory
    United States chemist who developed methods for studying long-chain molecules (1910-1985)
    Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
    French chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850)
    Josiah Willard Gibbs
    United States chemist (1839-1903)
    Fritz Haber
    German chemist noted for the synthetic production of ammonia from the nitrogen in air (1868-1934)
    Otto Hahn
    German chemist who was co-discoverer with Lise Meitner of nuclear fission (1879-1968)
    Charles Martin Hall
    United States chemist who developed an economical method of producing aluminum from bauxite (1863-1914)
    Odd Hassel
    Norwegian chemist noted for his research on organic molecules (1897-1981)
    William Henry
    English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775-1836)
    George Charles Hevesy de Hevesy
    Hungarian chemist who studied radioisotopes and was one of the discoverers of the element hafnium (1885-1966)
    Joroslav Heyrovsky
    Czechoslovakian chemist who developed polarography (1890-1967)
    Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin
    English chemist (born in Egypt) who used crystallography to study the structure of organic compounds (1910-1994)
    Roald Hoffmann
    United States chemist (born in Poland) who used quantum mechanics to understand chemical reactions (born in 1937)
    August Wilhelm von Hoffmann
    German chemist (1818-1892)
    Friedrich August Kekule von Stradonitz
    German chemist remembered for his discovery of the ring structure of benzene (1829-1896)
    Martin Heinrich Klaproth
    German chemist who pioneered analytical chemistry and discovered three new elements (1743-1817)
    Sir Harold Walter Kroto
    British chemist who with Robert Curl and Richard Smalley discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1939)
    Richard Kuhn
    Austrian chemist who did research on carotenoids and vitamins (1900-1967)
    Irving Langmuir
    United States chemist who studied surface chemistry and developed the gas-filled tungsten lamp and worked on high temperature electrical discharges (1881-1957)
    Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
    French chemist known as the father of modern chemistry; discovered oxygen and disproved the theory of phlogiston (1743-1794)
    Henry le Chatelier
    French chemist who formulated Le Chatelier's principle (1850-1936)
    Willard Frank Libby
    United States chemist who developed a method of radiocarbon dating (1908-1980)
    William Nunn Lipscom Jr.
    United States chemist noted for his theories of molecular structure (born in 1919)
    Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev
    Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemical elements and predicted the discovery of several new elements (1834-1907)
    Edward Williams Morley
    United States chemist and physicist who collaborated with Michelson in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1838-1923)
    Carl Gustaf Mossander
    Swedish chemist who discovered rare earth elements (1797-1858)
    Paul Hermann Muller
    Swiss chemist who synthesized DDT and discovered its use as an insecticide (1899-1965)
    Giulio Natta
    Italian chemist noted for work on polymers (1903-1979)
    Walther Hermann Nernst
    German physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)
    Alfred Bernhard Nobel
    Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the bequest that created the Nobel prizes (1833-1896)
    Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
    English chemist (1897-1978)
    Lars Onsager
    United States chemist (born in Norway) noted for his work in thermodynamics (1903-1976)
    Wilhelm Ostwald
    German chemist (1853-1932)
    Louis Pasteur
    French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895)
    Linus Carl Pauling
    United States chemist who studied the nature of chemical bonding (1901-1994)
    Joseph Priestley
    English chemist who isolated many gases and discovered oxygen (independently of Scheele) (1733-1804)
    Tadeus Reichstein
    a Swiss chemist born in Poland; studied the hormones of the adrenal cortex
    Richard John Roberts
    United States biochemist (born in England) honored for his discovery that some genes contain introns (born in 1943)
    Sir Robert Robinson
    English chemist noted for his studies of molecular structures in plants (1886-1975)
    Daniel Rutherford
    British chemist who isolated nitrogen (1749-1819)
    Karl Wilhelm Scheele
    Swedish chemist (born in Germany) who discovered oxygen before Priestley did (1742-1786)
    Christian Friedrich Schonbein
    German chemist who discovered ozone and developed guncotton as a propellant in firearms (1799-1868)
    Glenn Theodore Seaborg
    United States chemist who was one of the discoverers of plutonium (1912-1999)
    Richard Errett Smalley
    American chemist who with Robert Curl and Harold Kroto discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1943)
    Frederick Soddy
    English chemist whose work on radioactive disintegration led to the discovery of isotopes (1877-1956)
    Ernest Solvay
    Belgian chemist who developed the Solvay process and built factories exploiting it (1838-1922)
    Soren Peter Lauritz Sorensen
    Danish chemist who devised the pH scale (1868-1939)
    Sir Alexander Robertus Todd
    Scottish chemist noted for his research into the structure of nucleic acids (born in 1907)
    Harold Clayton Urey
    United States chemist who discovered deuterium (1893-1981)
    Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson
    English chemist honored for his research on pollutants in car exhausts (born in 1921)
    Adolf Windaus
    German chemist who studied steroids and cholesterol and discovered histamine (1876-1959)
    William Hyde Wollaston
    English chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828)
    Robert Burns Woodward
    United States chemist honored for synthesizing complex organic compounds (1917-1979)
    Karl Waldemar Ziegler
    German chemist honored for his research on polymers (1898-1973)
    Richard Adolph Zsigmondy
    German chemist (born in Austria) honored for his research on colloidal solutions (1865-1929)
    Sir Ernst Boris Chain
    British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979)
    Francis Henry Compton Crick
    English biochemist who (with Watson in 1953) helped discover the helical structure of DNA (1916-2004)
    Casimir Funk
    United States biochemist (born in Poland) who showed that several diseases were caused by dietary deficiencies and who coined the term `vitamin' for the chemicals involved (1884-1967)
    Sir Walter Norman Haworth
    English biochemist who was a pioneer in research on carbohydrates; when he synthesized vitamin C he became the first person to synthesize a vitamin artificially (1883-1950)
    George Herbert Hitchings
    United States biochemist noted for developing drugs to treat leukemia and gout (1905-1998)
    Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
    English biochemist who did pioneering work that led to the discovery of vitamins (1861-1947)
    Francois Jacob
    French biochemist who (with Jacques Monod) studied regulatory processes in cells (born in 1920)
    Edward Calvin Kendall
    United States biochemist who discovered cortisone (1886-1972)
    Sir Hans Adolf Krebs
    English biochemist (born in Germany) who discovered the Krebs cycle (1900-1981)
    Fritz Albert Lipmann
    United States biochemist (born in Germany) noted for his studies of metabolic processes (1899-1986)
    Otto Fritz Meyerhof
    United States biochemist (born in Germany) who studied the metabolism of muscles (1884-1951)
    Jacques Lucien Monod
    French biochemist who (with Francois Jacob) explained how genes are activated and suggested the existence of messenger RNA (1910-1976)
    John Howard Northrop
    United States biochemist (1891-1987)
    Severo Ochoa
    United States biochemist (born in Spain) who studied the biological synthesis of nucleic acids (1905-1993)
    Max Ferdinand Perutz
    English biochemist (born in Austria); studied the molecular structure of blood (1914-2002)
    Frederick Sanger
    English biochemist who determined the sequence of amino acids in insulin and who invented a technique to determine the genetic sequence of an organism (born in 1918)
    Albert von Szent-Gyorgyi
    United States biochemist (born in Hungary) who was the first to isolate vitamin C (1893-1986)
    Edward Lawrie Tatum
    United States biochemist who discovered how genes act by regulating definite chemical events (1909-1975)
    Otto Heinrich Warburg
    German biochemist who pioneered the use of chemical techniques in biological investigations; noted for studies of cellular respiration (1883-1970)
    Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
    English biochemist who helped discover the structure of DNA (1916-2004)
    types:
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    biochemist
    someone with special training in biochemistry
    nuclear chemist, radiochemist
    a chemist who specializes in nuclear chemistry
    phytochemist
    a chemist who specializes in the chemistry of plants
    enzymologist
    a person who is trained in or engaged in enzymology
    type of:
    scientist
    a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
  2. noun
    a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
    synonyms: apothecary, druggist, pharmacist, pill pusher, pill roller
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    examples:
    Otto Loewi
    United States pharmacologist (born in Germany) who was the first to show that acetylcholine is produced at the junction between a parasympathetic nerve and a muscle (1873-1961)
    types:
    pharmaceutical chemist, pharmacologist
    someone trained in the science of drugs (their composition and uses and effects)
    type of:
    PCP, caregiver, health care provider, health professional, primary care provider
    a person who helps in identifying or preventing or treating illness or disability
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