If you decided to categorize your wardrobe, you could sort it by type (pants or shirts), or by color. To categorize is to put something into a category.

When you think of categorizing things, imagine taking a pile of marbles and putting them into little boxes by color. You are sorting things by how they are alike. Scientists categorize animals and plants by their properties. Doctors categorize illnesses by whether they are caused by viruses or bacteria. In movies, high school students are often categorized as jocks, popular kids, troublemakers, and geeks.

Definitions of categorize
  1. verb
    place into or assign to a category
    “Children learn early on to categorize
    synonyms: categorise
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    assort, class, classify, separate, sort, sort out
    arrange or order by classes or categories
    unitise, unitize
    separate or classify into units
    catalog, catalogue
    make an itemized list or catalog of; classify
    separate (experiences) from the emotions relating to them
    think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another
    classify anew, change the previous classification
    sort according to size
    dichotomise, dichotomize
    divide into two opposing groups or kinds
    pigeonhole, stamp, stereotype
    treat or classify according to a mental stereotype
    arrange into a group or groups
    determine the grade of or assign a grade to
    count, number
    put into a group
    type of:
    think logically
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