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autoimmune disease

Definitions of autoimmune disease
  1. noun
    any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
    synonyms: autoimmune disorder
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    types:
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    myasthenia, myasthenia gravis
    a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
    MS, disseminated multiple sclerosis, disseminated sclerosis, multiple sclerosis
    a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
    IDDM, autoimmune diabetes, growth-onset diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, juvenile diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes, ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, type I diabetes
    severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
    Graves' disease, exophthalmic goiter
    exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs
    atrophic arthritis, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis
    a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
    Marie-Strumpell disease, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid spondylitis
    a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine; sometimes leads to ankylosis
    DLE, discoid lupus erythematosus
    a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40; characterized by an eruption of red lesions over the cheeks and bridge of the nose
    Hashimoto's disease
    autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women
    LE, lupus erythematosus
    a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
    pemphigus
    a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
    dermatosclerosis, scleroderma
    an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue; fibrous connective tissue is deposited in the skin
    Werlhof's disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, purpura hemorrhagica, thrombocytopenic purpura
    purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
    psoriatic arthritis
    a form of rheumatoid arthritis usually affecting fingers and toes and associated with psoriasis
    Still's disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded
    morphea
    localized scleroderma
    type of:
    disease
    an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
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