antineoplastic drug

Definitions of antineoplastic drug
1

n any of several drugs that control or kill neoplastic cells; used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells; all have unpleasant side effects that may include nausea and vomiting and hair loss and suppression of bone marrow function

Synonyms:
antineoplastic, cancer drug
Types:
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alkylating agent
an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer
antimetabolite
an antineoplastic drug that inhibits the utilization of a metabolite
antineoplastic antibiotic
an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy
Elspar, asparaginase
antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia
floxuridine
antineoplastic drug used to treat some cancers; can cause loss of hair
lomustine
an antineoplastic drug often used to treat brain tumors or Hodgkin's disease
Alkeran, melphalan
antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
periwinkle plant derivative
an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer
procarbazine
an antineoplastic drug used to treat Hodgkin's disease
thioguanine
an antineoplastic drug used to treat acute leukemias
thiotepa
an antineoplastic drug used to treat certain malignancies
Leukeran, chlorambucil
an alkalating agent (trade name Leukeran) used to treat some kinds of cancer
fluorouracil
an antimetabolite used to treat certain cancers
Purinethol, mercaptopurine
a drug (trade name Purinethol) that interferes with the metabolism of purine and is used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia
amethopterin, methotrexate, methotrexate sodium
toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
Mithracin, mithramycin
an antineoplastic drug (trade name Mithracin) used to treat cancer of the testes
Velban, vinblastine
periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Velban) that disrupts cell division
Oncovin, vincristine
periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Oncovin); used to treat cancer of the lymphatic system
Type of:
cytotoxic drug
any drug that has a toxic effect on cells; commonly used in chemotherapy to inhibit the proliferation of cancerous cells

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