Order

Definitions of Order
  1. noun
    (usually plural) the status or rank or office of a Christian clergyman in an ecclesiastical hierarchy
    “theologians still disagree over whether `bishop' should or should not be a separate Order
    synonyms: Holy Order
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    Aaron
    (Old Testament) elder brother of Moses and first high priest of the Israelites; created the golden calf
    Saint Ambrose
    (Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)
    Saint Anselm
    an Italian who was a Benedictine monk; was archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109; one of the founders of scholasticism; best known for his proof of the existence of God
    Saint Thomas a Becket
    (Roman Catholic Church) archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170; murdered following his opposition to Henry II's attempts to control the clergy (1118-1170)
    Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmine
    Italian cardinal and theologian (1542-1621)
    Bishop Berkeley
    Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    Cesare Borgia
    Italian cardinal and military leader; model for Machiavelli's prince (1475-1507)
    Domingo de Guzman
    (Roman Catholic Church) Spanish priest who founded an order whose members became known as Dominicans or Black Friars (circa 1170-1221)
    Eusebius of Caesarea
    Christian bishop of Caesarea in Palestine; a church historian and a leading early Christian exegete (circa 270-340)
    Saint Ignatius
    bishop of Antioch who was martyred under the Roman Emperor Trajan (died 110)
    William Ralph Inge
    English prelate noted for his pessimistic sermons and articles (1860-1954)
    Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros
    prelate who was the confessor of Isabella I and who was later appointed Grand Inquisitor (1436-1517)
    St. Martin
    French bishop who is a patron saint of France (died in 397)
    John Henry Newman
    English prelate and theologian who (with John Keble and Edward Pusey) founded the Oxford movement; Newman later turned to Roman Catholicism and became a cardinal (1801-1890)
    Saint Nicholas
    a bishop in Asia Minor who is associated with Santa Claus (4th century)
    Armand Jean du Plessis
    French prelate and statesman; principal minister to Louis XIII (1585-1642)
    Desmond Tutu
    South African prelate and leader of the antiapartheid struggle (born in 1931)
    Bishop Ulfilas
    a Christian believed to be of Cappadocian descent who became bishop of the Visigoths in 341 and translated the Bible from Greek into Gothic; traditionally held to have invented the Gothic alphabet (311-382)
    James Ussher
    Irish prelate who deduced from the Bible that Creation occurred in the year 4004 BC (1581-1656)
    William of Wykeham
    English prelate and statesman; founded a college at Oxford and Winchester College in Winchester; served as chancellor of England and bishop of Winchester (1324-1404)
    Stefan Wyszynski
    Polish prelate who persuaded the Soviet to allow greater religious freedom in Poland (1901-1981)
    types:
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    acolyte
    someone who assists a priest or minister in a liturgical service; a cleric ordained in the highest of the minor orders in the Roman Catholic Church but not in the Anglican Church or the Eastern Orthodox Churches
    anagnost
    a cleric in the minor orders of the Eastern Orthodox Church who reads the lessons aloud in the liturgy (analogous to the lector in the Roman Catholic Church)
    deacon
    a cleric ranking just below a priest in Christian churches; one of the Holy Orders
    doorkeeper, ostiarius, ostiary
    the lowest of the minor Holy Orders in the unreformed Western Church but now suppressed by the Roman Catholic Church
    exorcist
    one of the minor orders in the unreformed Western Church but now suppressed in the Roman Catholic Church
    lector, reader
    someone who reads the lessons in a church service; someone ordained in a minor order of the Roman Catholic Church
    priest
    a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders
    subdeacon
    a clergyman an order below deacon; one of the Holy Orders in the unreformed western Christian church and the eastern Catholic Churches but now suppressed in the Roman Catholic Church
    altar boy
    a boy serving as an acolyte
    archpriest, hierarch, high priest, prelate, primate
    a senior clergyman and dignitary
    bishop
    a senior member of the Christian clergy having spiritual and administrative authority; appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or ministers; considered in some churches to be successors of the twelve Apostles of Christ
    canon
    a priest who is a member of a cathedral chapter
    celebrant
    an officiating priest celebrating the Eucharist
    confessor
    a priest who hears confession and gives absolution
    domestic prelate
    (Roman Catholic Church) a priest who is an honorary member of the papal household
    Father, Padre
    `Father' is a term of address for priests in some churches (especially the Roman Catholic Church or the Orthodox Catholic Church); `Padre' is frequently used in the military
    Monsignor
    (Roman Catholic Church) an ecclesiastical title of honor bestowed on some priests
    pontifex
    a member of the highest council of priests in ancient Rome
    priestess
    a woman priest
    thurifer
    an acolyte who carries a thurible
    vicar
    a Roman Catholic priest who acts for another higher-ranking clergyman
    type of:
    position, status
    the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society
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