Father

Definitions of Father
  1. noun
    God when considered as the first person in the Trinity
    “hear our prayers, Heavenly Father
    synonyms: Father-God, Fatherhood
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    example of:
    hypostasis, hypostasis of Christ
    any of the three persons of the Godhead constituting the Trinity especially the person of Christ in which divine and human natures are united
  2. noun
    `Father' is a term of address for priests in some churches (especially the Roman Catholic Church or the Orthodox Catholic Church); `Padre' is frequently used in the military
    synonyms: Padre
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    type of:
    form of address, title, title of respect
    an identifying appellation signifying status or function: e.g. `Mr.' or `General'
    priest
    a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders
  3. noun
    (Christianity) any of about 70 theologians in the period from the 2nd to the 7th century whose writing established and confirmed official church doctrine; in the Roman Catholic Church some were later declared saints and became Doctor of the Church; the best known Latin Church Fathers are Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory the Great, and Jerome; those who wrote in Greek include Athanasius, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, and John Chrysostom
    synonyms: Church Father, Father of the Church
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    examples:
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    Saint Ambrose
    (Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)
    Athanasius the Great
    (Roman Catholic Church) Greek patriarch of Alexandria who championed Christian orthodoxy against Arianism; a church father, saint, and Doctor of the Church (293-373)
    Augustine of Hippo
    (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man's need for grace (354-430)
    St. Basil the Great
    (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379)
    St. Gregory of Nazianzen
    (Roman Catholic Church) a church father known for his constant fight against perceived heresies; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-391)
    Saint Irenaeus
    Greek theologian who was bishop of Lyons and an antiheretical writer; a saint and Doctor of the Church (circa 130-200)
    Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus
    (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian Church whose major work was his translation of the Scriptures from Hebrew and Greek into Latin (which became the Vulgate); a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-420)
    St. John Chrysostom
    (Roman Catholic Church) a Church Father who was a great preacher and bishop of Constantinople; a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-407)
    type of:
    theologian, theologiser, theologist, theologizer
    someone who is learned in theology or who speculates about theology
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