600 Essential Words For The TOEIC 407 words

  1. contract
    a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law
  2. assurance
    a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something
  3. determine
    find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort
  4. engage
    consume all of one's attention or time
  5. establish
    set up or found
  6. provision
    the activity of supplying or providing something
  7. resolve
    find the solution
  8. specific
    stated explicitly or in detail
  9. assure
    inform positively and with certainty and confidence
  10. cancel
    declare null and void; make ineffective
  11. cancelled
    (of events) no longer planned or scheduled
  12. obligation
    the state of being obligated to do or pay something
  13. obligatory
    required by obligation or compulsion or convention
  14. provide
    give something useful or necessary to
  15. provision
    the activity of supplying or providing something
  16. specify
    be specific about
  17. specification
    naming explicitly
  18. attract
    exert a force on (a body) causing it to approach or prevent it from moving away
  19. compare
    examine and note the similarities or differences of
  20. competition
    the act of competing as for profit or a prize
  21. consume
    serve oneself to, or consume regularly
  22. attract
    exert a force on (a body) causing it to approach or prevent it from moving away
  23. compare
    examine and note the similarities or differences of
  24. competition
    the act of competing as for profit or a prize
  25. consume
    serve oneself to, or consume regularly
  26. convince
    make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something
  27. fad
    an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  28. inspiration
    arousal of the mind to special unusual activity or creativity
  29. persuasion
    the act of persuading (or attempting to persuade); communication intended to induce belief or action
  30. productive
    producing or capable of producing (especially abundantly)
  31. attraction
    the quality of arousing interest; being attractive or something that attracts
  32. attractive
    pleasing to the eye or mind especially through beauty or charm
  33. comparison
    the act of examining resemblances
  34. comparable
    able to be compared or worthy of comparison
  35. compete
    compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others
  36. competitive
    involving competition or competitiveness
  37. consumer
    a person who uses goods or services
  38. satisfy
    meet the requirements or expectations of
  39. satisfactory
    giving satisfaction
  40. characteristic
    typical or distinctive
  41. consequence
    a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  42. consider
    think about carefully; weigh
  43. imply
    express or state indirectly
  44. promise
    a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
  45. protect
    shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage
  46. reputation
    the general estimation that the public has for a person
  47. require
    have need of
  48. variety
    a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality
  49. characterize
    be characteristic of
  50. consideration
    the process of giving careful thought to something
  51. considerable
    large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
  52. implication
    something that is inferred (deduced or entailed or implied)
  53. implicit
    implied though not directly expressed; inherent in the nature of something
  54. protection
    the activity of protecting someone or something
  55. reputable
    having a good reputation
  56. repute
    the state of being held in high esteem and honor
  57. requirement
    required activity
  58. requisite
    necessary for relief or supply
  59. address
    the place where a person or organization can be found or communicated with
  60. demonstrate
    give an exhibition of to an interested audience
  61. develop
    grow, progress, unfold, or evolve through a process of evolution, natural growth, differentiation, or a conducive environment
  62. evaluate
    evaluate or estimate the nature, quality, ability, extent, or significance of
  63. gather
    assemble or get together
  64. primarily
    for the most part
  65. risk
    a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune
  66. strategy
    an elaborate and systematic plan of action
  67. substitution
    the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help"
  68. demonstration
    a show or display; the act of presenting something to sight or view
  69. demonstrative
    a pronoun that points out an intended referent
  70. development
    a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
  71. evaluation
    act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of
  72. strategy
    an elaborate and systematic plan of action
  73. strategic
    relating to or concerned with strategy
  74. substitute
    a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
  75. conference
    a prearranged meeting for consultation or exchange of information or discussion (especially one with a formal agenda)
  76. accommodate
    have room for; hold without crowding
  77. attend
    be present at (meetings, church services, university), etc.
  78. location
    the act of putting something in a certain place
  79. register
    an official written record of names or events or transactions
  80. select
    pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives
  81. session
    a meeting for execution of a group's functions
  82. accommodation
    making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  83. accommodating
    obliging; willing to do favors
  84. arrange
    put into a proper or systematic order
  85. associate
    bring or come into association or action
  86. associate
    bring or come into association or action
  87. attendance
    the act of being present (at a meeting or event etc.)
  88. selection
    the act of choosing or selecting
  89. selective
    characterized by very careful or fastidious selection
  90. register
    an official written record of names or events or transactions
  91. registration
    the act of enrolling
  92. access
    the right to enter
  93. allocate
    distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose
  94. compatible
    able to exist and perform in harmonious or agreeable combination
  95. delete
    cut or eliminate
  96. display
    something intended to communicate a particular impression
  97. duplicate
    a copy that corresponds to an original exactly
  98. failure
    an act that fails
  99. ignore
    refuse to acknowledge
  100. search
    search or seek
  101. accessible
    capable of being reached
  102. allocation
    the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; distribution according to a plan
  103. capacity
    capability to perform or produce
  104. durable
    existing for a long time
  105. initiative
    readiness to embark on bold new ventures
  106. recur
    happen or occur again
  107. reduction
    the act of decreasing or reducing something
  108. stock
    a supply of something available for future use
  109. afford
    have the financial means to do something or buy something
  110. initiative
    readiness to embark on bold new ventures
  111. initiation
    the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new
  112. physical
    involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit
  113. provision
    the activity of supplying or providing something
  114. recurrence
    happening again (especially at regular intervals)
  115. reduction
    the act of decreasing or reducing something
  116. appreciation
    understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something
  117. code
    a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones)
  118. expose
    to show, make visible or apparent
  119. glimpse
    a brief or incomplete view
  120. practice
    a customary way of operation or behavior
  121. reinforce
    strengthen and support with rewards
  122. appreciate
    be fully aware of; realize fully
  123. exposure
    the state of being vulnerable or exposed
  124. practical
    guided by practical experience and observation rather than theory
  125. reinforcement
    an act performed to strengthen approved behavior
  126. verbalize
    express in speech
  127. verbal
    of or relating to or formed from words in general
  128. facilitate
    make easier
  129. network
    an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals
  130. process
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
  131. replace
    put something back where it belongs
  132. revolution
    a single complete turn (axial or orbital)
  133. skill
    an ability that has been acquired by training
  134. software
    (computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory
  135. store
    a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services
  136. revolution
    a single complete turn (axial or orbital)
  137. revolutionary
    markedly new or introducing radical change
  138. technical
    of or relating to technique or proficiency in a practical skill
  139. assemble
    create by putting components or members together
  140. courier
    a person who carries a message
  141. mention
    make reference to
  142. petition
    a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
  143. register
    an official written record of names or events or transactions
  144. revise
    make revisions in
  145. complicate
    make more complicated
  146. complicated
    difficult to analyze or understand
  147. registration
    the act of enrolling
  148. revised
    improved or brought up to date
  149. revision
    the act of revising or altering (involving reconsideration and modification)
  150. abundant
    present in great quantity
  151. accomplishment
    the action of accomplishing something
  152. candidate
    someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.)
  153. commensurate
    corresponding in size or degree or extent
  154. profile
    an outline of something (especially a human face as seen from one side)
  155. qualification
    the act of modifying or changing the strength of some idea
  156. recruit
    cause to assemble or enlist in the military
  157. submit
    yield to the control of another
  158. accomplish
    to gain with effort
  159. profile
    an outline of something (especially a human face as seen from one side)
  160. qualify
    describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of
  161. qualified
    meeting the proper standards and requirements and training for an office or position or task
  162. ability
    the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment
  163. apply
    put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose
  164. background
    the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground
  165. confidence
    freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  166. expert
    a person with special knowledge or ability who performs skillfully
  167. hesitant
    lacking decisiveness of character; unable to act or decide quickly or firmly
  168. application
    the action of putting something into operation
  169. confidence
    freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  170. expertise
    skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
  171. expert
    a person with special knowledge or ability who performs skillfully
  172. hesitation
    the act of pausing uncertainly
  173. presentation
    the activity of formally presenting something (as a prize or reward)
  174. presentation
    the activity of formally presenting something (as a prize or reward)
  175. conduct
    (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  176. generate
    bring into existence
  177. mentor
    a wise and trusted guide and advisor
  178. reject
    refuse to accept or acknowledge
  179. success
    an event that accomplishes its intended purpose
  180. conductor
    the person who leads a musical group
  181. rejection
    the act of rejecting something
  182. succeed
    attain success or reach a desired goal
  183. basis
    the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
  184. aware
    (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception
  185. benefit
    something that aids or promotes well-being
  186. compensate
    make amends for; pay compensation for
  187. eligible
    qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen
  188. negotiate
    discuss the terms of an arrangement
  189. raise
    move upwards
  190. retire
    withdraw from active participation
  191. base
    lowest support of a structure
  192. beneficial
    promoting or enhancing well-being
  193. compensation
    the act of compensating for service or loss or injury
  194. flexible
    able to flex; able to bend easily
  195. flexibility
    the property of being flexible; easily bent or shaped
  196. negotiation
    a discussion intended to produce an agreement
  197. achievement
    the action of accomplishing something
  198. contribute
  199. dedication
    complete and wholehearted fidelity
  200. loyal
    steadfast in allegiance or duty
  201. merit
    the quality of being deserving (e.g., deserving assistance)
  202. obviously
    unmistakably (`plain' is often used informally for `plainly')
  203. productive
    producing or capable of producing (especially abundantly)
  204. promote
    give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
  205. recognition
    the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
  206. value
    the quality (positive or negative) that renders something desirable or valuable
  207. achieve
    to gain with effort
  208. contribution
    a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
  209. contributor
    a writer whose work is published in a newspaper or magazine or as part of a book
  210. dedicate
    give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause
  211. loyalty
    the quality of being loyal
  212. product
    an artifact that has been created by someone or some process
  213. promotion
    act of raising in rank or position
  214. promoter
    someone who is an active supporter and advocate
  215. bargain
    an agreement between parties (usually arrived at after discussion) fixing obligations of each
  216. behavior
    (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  217. comfort
    a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain
  218. expand
    extend in one or more directions
  219. explore
    travel to or penetrate into
  220. item
    a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group of things that could be enumerated on a list
  221. mandatory
    required by rule
  222. merchandise
    commodities offered for sale
  223. trend
    a general tendency to change (as of opinion)
  224. comfortable
    providing or experiencing physical well-being or relief (`comfy' is informal)
  225. expansion
    the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope
  226. expanded
    increased in extent or size or bulk or scope
  227. exploration
    to travel for the purpose of discovery
  228. mandate
    a document giving an official instruction or command
  229. strict
    rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a standard
  230. diversify
    vary in order to spread risk or to expand
  231. enterprise
    a purposeful or industrious undertaking (especially one that requires effort or boldness)
  232. essentially
    in essence; at bottom or by one's (or its) very nature
  233. everyday
    commonplace and ordinary
  234. function
    what something is used for
  235. maintain
    keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"
  236. obtain
    come into possession of
  237. prerequisite
    something that is required in advance
  238. quality
    an essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone
  239. smooth
    having a surface free from roughness or bumps or ridges or irregularities
  240. source
    the place where something begins, where it springs into being
  241. stationery
    paper cut to an appropriate size for writing letters; usually with matching envelopes
  242. diverse
    distinctly dissimilar or unlike
  243. enterprising
    marked by imagination, initiative, and readiness to undertake new projects
  244. essential
    basic and fundamental
  245. essence
    the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  246. functional
    designed for or capable of a particular function or use
  247. carrier
    a person or firm in the business of transporting people or goods or messages
  248. fulfill
    fill or meet a want or need
  249. inventory
    a detailed list of all the items in stock
  250. minimize
    make small or insignificant
  251. supply
    circulate or distribute or equip with
  252. accuracy
    the quality of being near to the true value
  253. accurate
    (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct
  254. integrate
    make into a whole or make part of a whole
  255. integration
    the act of combining into an integral whole
  256. minimal
    the least possible
  257. minimum
    the smallest possible quantity
  258. suffice
    be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity
  259. sufficient
    of a quantity that can fulfill a need or requirement but without being abundant
  260. compile
    get or gather together
  261. discount
    an amount or percentage deducted
  262. efficient
    being effective without wasting time or effort or expense
  263. estimate
    judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
  264. impose
    impose and collect
  265. mistake
    a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention
  266. promptly
    with little or no delay
  267. rectify
    make right or correct
  268. efficient
    being effective without wasting time or effort or expense
  269. estimation
    an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth
  270. imposition
    the act of imposing something (as a tax or an embargo)
  271. imposing
    used of a person's appearance or behavior; befitting an eminent person
  272. prompt
    according to schedule or without delay; on time
  273. adjustment
    the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
  274. crucial
    of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis
  275. discrepancy
    a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions
  276. disturb
    move deeply
  277. liability
    the state of being legally obliged and responsible
  278. reflection
    the phenomenon of a propagating wave (light or sound) being thrown back from a surface
  279. tedious
    so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
  280. verify
    confirm the truth of
  281. adjust
    alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
  282. automatic
    operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control
  283. automation
    the act of implementing the control of equipment with advanced technology; usually involving electronic hardware
  284. reflect
    to throw or bend back (from a surface)
  285. accept
    receive willingly something given or offered
  286. balance
    harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)
  287. borrow
    get temporarily
  288. dividend
    a number to be divided by another number
  289. mortgage
    a conditional conveyance of property as security for the repayment of a loan
  290. restricted
    subject to restriction or subjected to restriction
  291. signature
    your name written in your own handwriting
  292. transaction
    the act of transacting within or between groups (as carrying on commercial activities)
  293. acceptance
    the state of being acceptable and accepted
  294. acceptable
    worthy of acceptance or satisfactory
  295. caution
    judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
  296. cautious
    showing careful forethought
  297. deduction
    the act of subtracting (removing a part from the whole)
  298. restrict
    place under restrictions; limit access to
  299. restriction
    an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)
  300. transact
    conduct business
  301. accumulate
    get or gather together
  302. asset
    a useful or valuable quality
  303. audit
    examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification
  304. budget
    a summary of intended expenditures along with proposals for how to meet them
  305. debt
    the state of owing something (especially money)
  306. outstanding
    of major significance or importance
  307. reconcile
    come to terms
  308. accumulation
    the act of accumulating
  309. profit
    the advantageous quality of being beneficial
  310. attitude
    a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways
  311. commit
    engage in or perform
  312. conservative
    resistant to change
  313. fund
    a reserve of money set aside for some purpose
  314. invest
    make an investment
  315. portfolio
    a large, flat, thin case for carrying loose papers or drawings or maps; usually leather
  316. resource
    a source of aid or support that may be drawn upon when needed
  317. aggression
    a disposition to behave aggressively
  318. commitment
    the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action
  319. noncommittal
    refusing to bind oneself to a particular course of action or view or the like
  320. conserve
    keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change
  321. investment
    the act of investing; laying out money or capital in an enterprise with the expectation of profit
  322. investor
    someone who commits capital in order to gain financial returns
  323. wisdom
    accumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment
  324. wise
    having or prompted by wisdom or discernment
  325. joint
    junction by which parts or objects are joined together
  326. preparation
    the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose
  327. desire
    the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state
  328. forecast
    a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
  329. level
    a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
  330. overall
    including everything
  331. perspective
    a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
  332. project
    a planned undertaking
  333. realistic
    aware or expressing awareness of things as they really are
  334. target
    a reference point to shoot at
  335. translation
    a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language
  336. yield
    give or supply
  337. adjacent
    having a common boundary or edge; abutting; touching
  338. collaboration
    act of working jointly
  339. concentrate
    make denser, stronger, or purer
  340. conducive
    tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
  341. hamper
    prevent the progress or free movement of
  342. lobby
    a large entrance or reception room or area
  343. scrutiny
    the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
  344. collaborate
    work together on a common enterprise of project
  345. collaborative
    accomplished by collaboration
  346. concentration
    the spatial property of being crowded together
  347. concentrated
    gathered together or made less diffuse
  348. disrupt
    make a break in
  349. option
    one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  350. optional
    possible but not necessary; left to personal choice
  351. scrutinize
    examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification
  352. inscrutable
    of an obscure nature
  353. agenda
    a list of matters to be taken up (as at a meeting)
  354. conclude
    bring to a close
  355. goal
    the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it
  356. priority
    status established in order of importance or urgency
  357. progress
    the act of moving forward (as toward a goal)
  358. adhere
    stick to firmly
  359. length
    the linear extent in space from one end to the other; the longest dimension of something that is fixed in place
  360. period
    an amount of time
  361. periodic
    happening or recurring at regular intervals
  362. prior
    earlier in time
  363. prioritize
    assign a priority to
  364. progression
    the act of moving forward (as toward a goal)
  365. progressive
    favoring or promoting progress
  366. adherence
    the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  367. adherent
    someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another
  368. conclusion
    a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration
  369. conclusive
    forming an end or termination; especially putting an end to doubt or question
  370. conform
    be similar, be in line with
  371. defect
    a failing or deficiency
  372. enhance
  373. garment
    an article of clothing
  374. inspect
    look over carefully
  375. inspection
    a formal or official examination
  376. inspector
    an investigator who observes carefully
  377. perceptive
    of or relating to perception
  378. repel
    force or drive back
  379. repellent
    serving or tending to repel
  380. uniform
    clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a particular group as a means of identification
  381. uniformity
    the quality of lacking diversity or variation (even to the point of boredom)
  382. perceive
    to become aware of through the senses
  383. perception
    the process of perceiving
  384. perceived
    detected by instinct or inference rather than by recognized perceptual cues
  385. response
    the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  386. anxious
    causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  387. anxiety
    a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune
  388. assume
    take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
  389. assumption
    the act of assuming or taking for granted
  390. experiment
    the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
  391. logic
    the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
  392. logical
    based on known statements or events or conditions
  393. respond
    show a response or a reaction to something
  394. response
    the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  395. respondent
  396. responsible
    worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable
  397. responsibility
    the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force
  398. supervise
    watch and direct
  399. ascertain
    learn or discover with certainty
  400. decade
    a period of 10 years
  401. decadent
    marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay
  402. decadence
    the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  403. examine
    observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect
  404. research
    a search for knowledge
  405. researcher
    a scientist who devotes himself to doing research
  406. solve
    find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of
  407. solvent
    capable of meeting financial obligations