600 Essential Words For The TOEIC

definitions & notes only words
  1. contract
    a binding agreement that is enforceable by law
  2. assurance
    a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something
  3. determine
    find out or learn with certainty, as by making an inquiry
  4. engage
    consume all of one's attention or time
  5. establish
    set up or found
  6. provision
    the activity of supplying something
  7. resolve
    find a solution or answer
  8. specific
    stated explicitly or in detail
  9. assure
    inform positively and with certainty and confidence
  10. cancel
    declare null and void
  11. cancelled
    no longer planned or scheduled
  12. obligation
    the state of being bound to do or pay something
  13. obligatory
    required by compulsion or convention
  14. provide
    give something useful or necessary to
  15. provision
    the activity of supplying something
  16. specify
    be particular about
  17. specification
    naming explicitly
  18. attract
    exert a force on
  19. compare
    examine and note the similarities or differences of
  20. competition
    the act of contending as for profit or a prize
  21. consume
    take in as food
  22. attract
    exert a force on
  23. compare
    examine and note the similarities or differences of
  24. competition
    the act of contending as for profit or a prize
  25. consume
    take in as food
  26. convince
    make realize the truth or validity of something
  27. fad
    an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  28. inspiration
    arousal of the mind to unusual activity or creativity
  29. persuasion
    communication intended to induce belief or action
  30. productive
    capable of bringing forth, especially abundantly
  31. attraction
    the quality of arousing interest
  32. attractive
    pleasing to the eye or mind as through beauty or charm
  33. comparison
    the act of examining resemblances
  34. comparable
    able to be described as similar
  35. compete
    engage in a contest or measure oneself against others
  36. competitive
    involving rivalry over something
  37. consumer
    a person who uses goods or services
  38. satisfy
    meet the requirements or expectations of
  39. satisfactory
    giving contentment
  40. characteristic
    typical or distinctive
  41. consequence
    a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon
  42. consider
    think about carefully; weigh
  43. imply
    express or state indirectly
  44. promise
    a verbal commitment agreeing to do something in the future
  45. protect
    shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage
  46. reputation
    the general estimation that the public has for a person
  47. require
    have need of
  48. variety
    a category of things distinguished by a common quality
  49. characterize
    be typical of
  50. consideration
    the process of giving careful thought to something
  51. considerable
    large in number or amount or extent or degree
  52. implication
    something that is inferred
  53. implicit
    implied though not directly expressed
  54. protection
    the activity of shielding someone or something
  55. reputable
    held in high esteem and honor
  56. repute
    the state of being held in high esteem and honor
  57. requirement
    necessary activity
  58. requisite
    necessary for relief or supply
  59. address
    the place where a person or organization can be found
  60. demonstrate
    give an exhibition of to an interested audience
  61. develop
    progress or evolve through a process of natural growth
  62. evaluate
    estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of
  63. gather
    assemble or get together
  64. primarily
    for the most part
  65. risk
    a source of danger
  66. strategy
    an elaborate and systematic plan of action
  67. substitution
    putting one thing or person in the place of another
  68. demonstration
    a show or display
  69. demonstrative
    a pronoun that points out an intended referent
  70. development
    a process in which something passes to a different stage
  71. evaluation
    act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of
  72. strategy
    an elaborate and systematic plan of action
  73. strategic
    relating to an elaborate and systematic plan of action
  74. substitute
    a person or thing that can take the place of another
  75. conference
    a prearranged meeting for consultation or discussion
  76. accommodate
    have room for; hold without crowding
  77. attend
    be present
  78. location
    the act of putting something in a certain place
  79. register
    an official written record of names or events
  80. select
    pick out or choose from a number of alternatives
  81. session
    a meeting for execution of a group's functions
  82. accommodation
    making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  83. accommodating
    obliging; willing to do favors
  84. arrange
    put into a proper or systematic order
  85. associate
    bring or come into action
  86. associate
    bring or come into action
  87. attendance
    the act of being present at a meeting or event
  88. selection
    the act of choosing
  89. selective
    characterized by very careful or fastidious choice
  90. register
    an official written record of names or events
  91. registration
    the act of enrolling
  92. access
    the right to enter
  93. allocate
    distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose
  94. compatible
    able to exist and perform in harmonious combination
  95. delete
    cut or eliminate
  96. display
    something intended to communicate a particular impression
  97. duplicate
    a copy that corresponds to an original exactly
  98. failure
    an act that does not succeed
  99. ignore
    refuse to acknowledge
  100. search
    look or seek
  101. accessible
    capable of being reached
  102. allocation
    the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning
  103. capacity
    capability to perform or produce
  104. durable
    existing for a long time
  105. initiative
    readiness to embark on bold new ventures
  106. recur
    happen or occur again
  107. reduction
    the act of decreasing something
  108. stock
    a supply of something available for future use
  109. afford
    have the financial means to do something or buy something
  110. initiative
    readiness to embark on bold new ventures
  111. initiation
    the act of starting something for the first time
  112. physical
    involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit
  113. provision
    the activity of supplying something
  114. recurrence
    happening again, especially at regular intervals
  115. reduction
    the act of decreasing something
  116. appreciation
    understanding of the nature or meaning of something
  117. code
    a set of rules or principles or laws
  118. expose
    show; make visible or apparent
  119. glimpse
    a brief or incomplete view
  120. practice
    a customary way of operation or behavior
  121. reinforce
    strengthen and support with rewards
  122. appreciate
    be fully aware of
  123. exposure
    the state of being vulnerable
  124. practical
    guided by experience and observation rather than theory
  125. reinforcement
    an act performed to strengthen approved behavior
  126. verbalize
    express in speech
  127. verbal
    of or relating to or formed from words in general
  128. facilitate
    make easier
  129. network
    an open fabric woven together at regular intervals
  130. process
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
  131. replace
    put something back where it belongs
  132. revolution
    a single complete turn
  133. skill
    an ability that has been acquired by training
  134. software
    written programs operating on a computer system
  135. store
    a mercantile establishment for the sale of goods or services
  136. revolution
    a single complete turn
  137. revolutionary
    markedly new or introducing radical change
  138. technical
    of or relating to aptitude in a practical skill
  139. assemble
    create by putting components or members together
  140. courier
    a person who carries a message
  141. mention
    make reference to
  142. petition
    a formal request that something be submitted to an authority
  143. register
    an official written record of names or events
  144. revise
    make changes to
  145. complicate
    make less simple
  146. complicated
    difficult to analyze or understand
  147. registration
    the act of enrolling
  148. revised
    improved or brought up to date
  149. revision
    the act of altering
  150. abundant
    present in great quantity
  151. accomplishment
    the action of achieving something
  152. candidate
    someone who is considered for something
  153. commensurate
    corresponding in size or degree or extent
  154. profile
    an outline of something, especially a face from the side
  155. qualification
    the act of modifying or changing the strength of some idea
  156. recruit
    cause to assemble or enlist in the military
  157. submit
    yield to the control of another
  158. accomplish
    to gain with effort
  159. profile
    an outline of something, especially a face from the side
  160. qualify
    describe or portray the character or peculiarities of
  161. qualified
    meeting the proper standards and requirements for a task
  162. ability
    having the means or skills to do something
  163. apply
    employ for a particular purpose
  164. background
    the part of a scene behind objects in the foreground
  165. confidence
    freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  166. expert
    a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully
  167. hesitant
    unable to act or decide quickly or firmly
  168. application
    the action of putting something into operation
  169. confidence
    freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  170. expertise
    skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
  171. expert
    a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully
  172. hesitation
    the act of pausing uncertainly
  173. presentation
    the activity of formally giving something, as a prize
  174. presentation
    the activity of formally giving something, as a prize
  175. conduct
    the way a person behaves toward other people
  176. generate
    bring into existence
  177. mentor
    a wise and trusted guide and advisor
  178. reject
    refuse to accept or acknowledge
  179. success
    an event that accomplishes its intended purpose
  180. conductor
    the person who leads a musical group
  181. rejection
    the act of turning something down
  182. succeed
    attain success or reach a desired goal
  183. basis
    the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun
  184. aware
    having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization
  185. benefit
    something that aids or promotes well-being
  186. compensate
    make amends for
  187. eligible
    qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen
  188. negotiate
    discuss the terms of an arrangement
  189. raise
    move upwards
  190. retire
    withdraw from active participation
  191. base
    lowest support of a structure
  192. beneficial
    promoting or enhancing well-being
  193. compensation
    the act of making amends for service or loss or injury
  194. flexible
    able to bend easily
  195. flexibility
    the property of being easily bent or shaped
  196. negotiation
    a discussion intended to produce an agreement
  197. achievement
    the action of accomplishing something
  198. contribute
  199. dedication
    complete and wholehearted fidelity
  200. loyal
    steadfast in allegiance or duty
  201. merit
    the quality of being deserving
  202. obviously
  203. productive
    capable of bringing forth, especially abundantly
  204. promote
    assign to a higher position
  205. recognition
    identifying something or someone by remembering
  206. value
    the quality that renders something desirable
  207. achieve
    to gain with effort
  208. contribution
    a voluntary gift made to some worthwhile cause
  209. contributor
    a writer published in a periodical or as part of a book
  210. dedicate
    give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause
  211. loyalty
    the quality of being loyal
  212. product
    an artifact that has been created by someone or some process
  213. promotion
    act of raising in rank or position
  214. promoter
    someone who is an active supporter and advocate
  215. bargain
    an agreement between parties fixing obligations of each
  216. behavior
    the way a person acts toward other people
  217. comfort
    a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain
  218. expand
    extend in one or more directions
  219. explore
    travel to or penetrate into
  220. item
    a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group
  221. mandatory
    required by rule
  222. merchandise
    commodities offered for sale
  223. trend
    a general tendency to change, as of opinion
  224. comfortable
    providing or experiencing physical well-being or relief
  225. expansion
    the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope
  226. expanded
    increased in extent or size or bulk or scope
  227. exploration
    to travel for the purpose of discovery
  228. mandate
    a document giving an official instruction or command
  229. strict
    rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a standard
  230. diversify
    vary in order to spread risk or to expand
  231. enterprise
    a purposeful or industrious undertaking
  232. essentially
    at bottom or by something's very nature
  233. everyday
    commonplace and ordinary
  234. function
    what something is used for
  235. maintain
    keep in a certain state, position, or activity
  236. obtain
    come into possession of
  237. prerequisite
    something that is required in advance
  238. quality
    an essential and distinguishing attribute of something
  239. smooth
    having a surface free from roughness or irregularities
  240. source
    the place where something begins
  241. stationery
    paper cut to an appropriate size for writing letters
  242. diverse
    distinctly dissimilar or unlike
  243. enterprising
    marked by initiative and readiness to undertake new projects
  244. essential
    basic and fundamental
  245. essence
    the choicest or most vital part of some idea or experience
  246. functional
    designed for or capable of a particular use
  247. carrier
    a person or firm transporting people or goods or messages
  248. fulfill
    fill or meet a want or need
  249. inventory
    a detailed list of all the items in stock
  250. minimize
    make small or insignificant
  251. supply
    circulate or distribute or equip with
  252. accuracy
    the quality of being near to the true value
  253. accurate
    characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth
  254. integrate
    make into a whole or make part of a whole
  255. integration
    the act of combining into a whole
  256. minimal
    the least possible
  257. minimum
    the smallest possible quantity
  258. suffice
    be adequate, either in quality or quantity
  259. sufficient
    of a quantity that can fulfill a need or requirement
  260. compile
    get or gather together
  261. discount
    an amount or percentage deducted
  262. efficient
    being effective without wasting time or effort or expense
  263. estimate
    judge tentatively
  264. impose
    charge and collect payment
  265. mistake
    a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or inattention
  266. promptly
    with little or no delay
  267. rectify
    make right or correct
  268. efficient
    being effective without wasting time or effort or expense
  269. estimation
    an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth
  270. imposition
    the act of enforcing something
  271. imposing
    used of a person's appearance or behavior
  272. prompt
    according to schedule or without delay
  273. adjustment
    the act of making something different
  274. crucial
    of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis
  275. discrepancy
    a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions
  276. disturb
    move deeply
  277. liability
    the state of being legally obliged and responsible
  278. reflection
    the phenomenon of a propagating wave being thrown back
  279. tedious
    so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
  280. verify
    confirm the truth of
  281. adjust
    alter or regulate so as to conform to a standard
  282. automatic
    operating with minimal human intervention
  283. automation
    the act of implementing the control of equipment
  284. reflect
    to throw or bend back from a surface
  285. accept
    receive willingly something given or offered
  286. balance
    harmonious arrangement or relation of parts within a whole
  287. borrow
    get temporarily
  288. dividend
    a number to be divided by another number
  289. mortgage
    a conveyance of property as security for repaying a loan
  290. restricted
    subject to an act of limitation
  291. signature
    your name written in your own handwriting
  292. transaction
    conducting business within or between groups
  293. acceptance
    the state of being satisfactory
  294. acceptable
    worthy of approval or satisfactory
  295. caution
    judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
  296. cautious
    showing careful forethought
  297. deduction
    the act of removing a part from the whole
  298. restrict
    limit access to
  299. restriction
    an act of limiting
  300. transact
    conduct business
  301. accumulate
    get or gather together
  302. asset
    a useful or valuable quality
  303. audit
    examine carefully for accuracy
  304. budget
    a summary of intended expenditures
  305. debt
    the state of owing something, especially money
  306. outstanding
    of major significance or importance
  307. reconcile
    come to terms
  308. accumulation
    the act of gathering up
  309. profit
    the advantageous quality of being beneficial
  310. attitude
    a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings
  311. commit
    engage in or perform
  312. conservative
    resistant to change
  313. fund
    a reserve of money set aside for some purpose
  314. invest
    lay out money or resources in an enterprise
  315. portfolio
    a large, thin case for loose papers or drawings or maps
  316. resource
    aid or support that may be drawn upon when needed
  317. aggression
    a disposition to behave forcefully and energetically
  318. commitment
    the act of binding yourself to a course of action
  319. noncommittal
    refusing to bind oneself to a particular course of action
  320. conserve
    keep constant through physical or chemical reactions
  321. investment
    laying out money or capital in an enterprise
  322. investor
    someone who commits capital to gain financial returns
  323. wisdom
    accumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment
  324. wise
    having sensibility and discernment
  325. joint
    junction by which parts or objects are joined together
  326. preparation
    setting in order in advance some act or purpose
  327. desire
    the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state
  328. forecast
    a prediction about how something will develop
  329. level
    a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
  330. overall
    including everything
  331. perspective
    a way of regarding situations or topics
  332. project
    a planned undertaking
  333. realistic
    aware or expressing awareness of things as they are
  334. target
    a reference point to shoot at
  335. translation
    rendering in another language with the same meaning
  336. yield
    give or supply
  337. adjacent
    having a common boundary or edge
  338. collaboration
    act of working jointly
  339. concentrate
    make denser, stronger, or purer
  340. conducive
    tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
  341. hamper
    prevent the progress or free movement of
  342. lobby
    a large entrance or reception room or area
  343. scrutiny
    the act of examining something closely, as for mistakes
  344. collaborate
    work together on a common enterprise of project
  345. collaborative
    accomplished by working jointly
  346. concentration
    the spatial property of being crowded together
  347. concentrated
    gathered together or made less diffuse
  348. disrupt
    make a break in
  349. option
    one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  350. optional
    possible but not necessary; left to personal choice
  351. scrutinize
    examine carefully for accuracy
  352. inscrutable
    of an obscure nature
  353. agenda
    a list of matters to be taken up, as at a meeting
  354. conclude
    bring to a close
  355. goal
    the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve
  356. priority
    status established in order of importance or urgency
  357. progress
    the act of moving forward, as toward a goal
  358. adhere
    stick to firmly
  359. length
    the linear extent in space from one end to the other
  360. period
    an amount of time
  361. periodic
    happening or recurring at regular intervals
  362. prior
    earlier in time
  363. prioritize
    assign a status in order of importance or urgency
  364. progression
    the act of moving forward, as toward a goal
  365. progressive
    favoring or promoting progress
  366. adherence
    the property of sticking together
  367. adherent
    someone who believes and helps to spread a doctrine
  368. conclusion
    a position or opinion reached after consideration
  369. conclusive
    forming an end or termination
  370. conform
    be similar, be in line with
  371. defect
    a failing or deficiency
  372. enhance
  373. garment
    an article of clothing
  374. inspect
    look over carefully
  375. inspection
    a formal or official examination
  376. inspector
    an investigator who observes carefully
  377. perceptive
    of or relating to awareness via the senses
  378. repel
    force or drive back
  379. repellent
    serving or tending to move back by force
  380. uniform
    clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group
  381. uniformity
    the quality of lacking diversity or variation
  382. perceive
    to become aware of through the senses
  383. perception
    the process of becoming aware through the senses
  384. perceived
    detected by instinct or inference
  385. response
    the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  386. anxious
    causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  387. anxiety
    a vague unpleasant emotion in anticipation of a misfortune
  388. assume
    take to be the case or to be true
  389. assumption
    the act of taking something for granted
  390. experiment
    the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
  391. logic
    the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
  392. logical
    based on known statements or events or conditions
  393. respond
    show a reaction to something
  394. response
    the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  395. respondent
  396. responsible
    worthy of or requiring trust; held accountable
  397. responsibility
    the social force that binds you to a course of action
  398. supervise
    watch and direct
  399. ascertain
    learn or discover with confidence
  400. decade
    a period of 10 years
  401. decadent
    marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay
  402. decadence
    the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  403. examine
    observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect
  404. research
    a seeking for knowledge
  405. researcher
    a scientist devoted to systematic investigation
  406. solve
    find the answer to or understand the meaning of
  407. solvent
    capable of meeting financial obligations