defect

A flaw in something is a defect. At certain stores you can buy clothes with slight defects. You have to be careful because the defect can be minor, like a missing button, or major, like sleeves of uneven lengths.

In a person, a defect is an imperfection, which can manifest itself mentally or physically. If you are diagnosed with a heart defect, you will have to seek the advice of specialists. A hearing defect might leave your dad deaf in one ear. If you are becoming forgetful, you can joke that you are developing a mental defect, but if it continues, you'll probably want to have your head examined.

DEFINITIONS OF: defect

1

n a failing or deficiency

“that interpretation is an unfortunate defect of our lack of information”
Synonyms:
shortcoming
Type of:
disadvantage
the quality of having an inferior or less favorable position

n a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body)

Synonyms:
blemish, mar
Types:
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birthmark, nevus
a blemish on the skin that is formed before birth
chatter mark
a mark made by a chattering tool on the surface of a workpiece
check, chip
a mark left after a small piece has been chopped or broken off of something
crack
a blemish resulting from a break without complete separation of the parts
dent, ding, gouge, nick
an impression in a surface (as made by a blow)
mole
a small congenital pigmented spot on the skin
mark, scar, scrape, scratch
an indication of damage
burn, burn mark
a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body)
blot, daub, slur, smear, smirch, smudge, spot
a blemish made by dirt
stigma
a skin lesion that is a diagnostic sign of some disease
verruca, wart
(pathology) a firm abnormal elevated blemish on the skin; caused by a virus
milium, whitehead
a small whitish lump in the skin due to a clogged sebaceous gland
blackhead, comedo
a black-tipped plug clogging a pore of the skin
craze
a fine crack in a glaze or other surface
dig
a small gouge (as in the cover of a book)
cigarette burn
a burn mark left by a smoldering cigarette
blotch, splodge, splotch
an irregularly shaped spot
fingermark, fingerprint
a smudge made by a (dirty) finger
inkblot
a blot made with ink
nevus flammeus, port-wine stain
a flat birthmark varying from pink to purple
hemangioma simplex, strawberry, strawberry mark
a soft red birthmark
common wart
a benign growth (often with a rough surface)
condyloma acuminatum, genital wart, venereal wart, verruca acuminata
a small benign wart on or around the genitals and anus
juvenile wart
a small benign growth on the faces of hands of children
plantar wart
a wart occurring on the sole of the foot
Type of:
appearance, visual aspect
outward or visible aspect of a person or thing

n an imperfection in a bodily system

“visual defects
“this device permits detection of defects in the lungs”
Types:
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myelatelia
any developmental defect of the spinal cord
birth defect, congenital abnormality, congenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder
a defect that is present at birth
ablepharia
a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism
the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly
a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria
congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency
genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly
a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly
a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia
a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21
a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly
a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip
a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate
a congenital fissure of the hard palate
amelia
congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia
congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele
protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele
a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele
a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly
congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy
congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism
congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism
congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly
congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect
a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida
a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder
any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly
birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly
birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie
a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
Type of:
imperfection, imperfectness
the state or an instance of being imperfect

n an imperfection in an object or machine

“if there are any defects you should send it back to the manufacturer”
Synonyms:
fault, flaw
Types:
blister
a flaw on a surface resulting when an applied substance does not adhere (as an air bubble in a coat of paint)
bug, glitch
a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine
hole
a fault
Type of:
imperfection, imperfectness
the state or an instance of being imperfect

v desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army

Synonyms:
desert
Types:
rat
desert one's party or group of friends, for example, for one's personal advantage
Type of:
flee, fly, take flight
run away quickly

WORD FORMS

n
a failing or deficiency
1 defect
v
desert in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army
2 defect
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