reduction

Reduction is the act of cutting back or making smaller, like the reduction of a school budget that makes it necessary to eliminate art and music programs.

The process of reducing something is reduction, or making it smaller. You can talk about a reduction of sugar in someone's diet or a reduction of prices at your favorite shoe store. In math, reduction means bringing fractions to their lowest common denominators. And, in cooking, a reduction is a thick sauce that's made by boiling away most of the liquid, or reducing it to its concentrated essence.

Primary Meanings of reduction

1.
n
the act of decreasing or reducing something
2.
n
any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent
Full Definitions of reduction
1

n the act of decreasing or reducing something

Synonyms:
decrease, diminution, step-down
Antonyms:
increase, step-up
the act of increasing something
Types:
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cut
the act of reducing the amount or number
mitigation, moderation
the action of lessening in severity or intensity
lowering
the act of causing to become less
cutback
a reduction in quantity or rate
devaluation
the reduction of something's value or worth
devitalisation, devitalization
the act of reducing the vitality of something
extenuation, mitigation, palliation
to act in such a way as to cause an offense to seem less serious
alleviation, easement, easing, relief
the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance)
de-escalation
(war) a reduction in intensity (of a crisis or a war)
minimisation, minimization
the act of reducing something to the least possible amount or degree or position
depletion
the act of decreasing something markedly
shortening
act of decreasing in length
shrinking
the act of becoming less
deduction, subtraction
the act of subtracting (removing a part from the whole)
deflation
the act of letting the air out of something
deduction, discount, price reduction
the act of reducing the selling price of merchandise
rollback
reducing prices back to some earlier level
weakening
the act of reducing the strength of something
depreciation
a decrease in price or value
contraction
the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope
reverse split, reverse stock split, split down
a decrease in the number of outstanding shares of a corporation without changing the shareholders' equity
amortisation, amortization
the reduction of the value of an asset by prorating its cost over a period of years
declassification
reduction or removal by the government of restrictions on a classified document or weapon
shelter, tax shelter
a way of organizing business to reduce the taxes it must pay on current earnings
tax credit
a direct reduction in tax liability (not dependent on the taxpayer's tax bracket)
budget cut
the act of reducing budgeted expenditures
pay cut, salary cut
the act of reducing a salary
cost cutting
the act of cutting costs
price cut, price cutting
cutting the price of merchandise to one lower than the usual or advertised price
spending cut
the act of reducing spending
tax cut
the act of reducing taxation
tapering
the act of gradually lowering the size or amount
service cutback
the act of reducing service
evisceration
altering something (as a legislative act or a statement) in such a manner as to reduce its value
spasmolysis
the relaxation or relief of muscle spasms
detente
the easing of tensions or strained relations (especially between nations)
palliation
easing the severity of a pain or a disease without removing the cause
liberalisation, liberalization, relaxation
the act of making less strict
consumption, expenditure, using up
the act of consuming something
exhaustion
the act of exhausting something entirely
decompressing, decompression
relieving pressure (especially bringing a compressed person gradually back to atmospheric pressure)
abbreviation
shortening something by omitting parts of it
cut, cutting, cutting off
the act of shortening something by chopping off the ends
miniaturisation, miniaturization
act of making on a greatly reduced scale
bite
a portion removed from the whole
withholding
the act of deducting from an employee's salary
abatement
the act of abating
wilt, wilting
causing to become limp or drooping
dilution
weakening (reducing the concentration) by the addition of water or a thinner
etiolation
the act of weakening by stunting the growth or development of something
contraction, muscle contraction, muscular contraction
(physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber)
truncation
the act of cutting short
drain
a gradual depletion of energy or resources
tax avoidance
the minimization of tax liability by lawful methods
Type of:
change of magnitude
the act of changing the amount or size of something

n the act of reducing complexity

Synonyms:
simplification
Types:
schematisation, schematization
the act of reducing to a scheme or formula
Type of:
change
the action of changing something
2

n any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent

Synonyms:
reducing
Type of:
chemical reaction, reaction
(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others