A vestment is a garment worn at special ceremonies by a clergy member. For example, a priest would wear a vestment in church, but out in the community, he would wear a shirt and pants.

You know that a vest is a piece of clothing — a sleeveless shirt or sweater. Vest can also be a verb that describes putting on clothing, typically garments related to a religious ceremony. Both vest and vestment come from the Latin word vestimentum, meaning "clothing, clothes." Vestments include ankle-length robes called cassocks and strips of fabric that go around the neck, which are called stoles.

Definitions of vestment
  1. noun
    gown (especially ceremonial garments) worn by the clergy
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    a white linen liturgical vestment with sleeves; worn by priests
    a black garment reaching down to the ankles; worn by priests or choristers
    a long sleeveless vestment worn by a priest when celebrating Mass
    humeral veil, veil
    a vestment worn by a priest at High Mass in the Roman Catholic Church; a silk shawl
    (Roman Catholic Church) vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging in front and back
    the vestments and other insignia of a pontiff (especially a bishop)
    a loose-fitting white ecclesiastical vestment with wide sleeves
    a long cassock with buttons down the front; worn by Roman Catholic priests
    type of:
    gown, robe
    outerwear consisting of a long flowing garment used for official or ceremonial occasions
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