Umber is a dark brown or reddish-brown pigment that is found in certain minerals. Ever since humans started creating art, they've been using umber.

Pigments are the shades of color that painters and other artists use, and when they occur naturally, they're called earth pigments. Umber falls into this category — its rich, deep brown shade comes directly from minerals (raw umber) or from minerals heated to a darker shade (burnt umber). Today, oil painters still use umber when they need a fast-drying brown pigment. Umber gets its name from a region in Italy where it's common, Umbria.

Definitions of umber

n an earth pigment

raw umber
greenish brown pigment
burnt umber
dark brown pigment obtained by heating umber
Type of:
earth color
a colored mineral used as a pigment

n a medium brown to dark-brown color

burnt umber, chocolate, coffee, deep brown
Type of:
brown, brownness
an orange of low brightness and saturation

adj of the color of any of various natural brown earth pigments

being or having or characterized by hue

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