Typology means classifying things according to specific types, such as dividing people into good and bad people.

You may have heard people say, "I know the type!" or "He's not my type." They're talking about the kind of person someone is — similarly, typology is a way of classifying and dividing people or things according to types. For example, you could talk about drivers in terms of cautious drivers, confident drivers, and careless drivers. Social scientists — especially anthropologists and psychologists — are the most likely to describe the way they classify things as typology.

Definitions of typology
  1. noun
    classification according to general type
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    type of:
    assortment, categorisation, categorization, classification, compartmentalisation, compartmentalization
    the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
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