theological doctrine

Definitions of theological doctrine
1

n the doctrine of a religious group

Types:
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theanthropism
(theology) the doctrine that Jesus was a union of the human and the divine
foreordination, predestination, predetermination, preordination
(theology) being determined in advance; especially the doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the final salvation of mankind)
Neoplatonism
a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable
spiritualism
(theology) any doctrine that asserts the separate existence of God
Christology
a religious doctrine or theory based on Jesus or Jesus' teachings
antinomianism
the theological doctrine that by faith and God's grace a Christian is freed from all laws (including the moral standards of the culture)
Thomism
the comprehensive theological doctrine created by Saint Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century and still taught by the Dominicans
Arianism
heretical doctrine taught by Arius that asserted the radical primacy of the Father over the Son
Athanasianism
the theological doctrine taught by Athanasius that Christ the Son is of the same substance as God the Father
Behmenism, Boehmenism
the mystical theological doctrine of Jakob Boehme that influenced the Quakers
consubstantiation
the doctrine of the High Anglican Church that after the consecration of the Eucharist the substance of the body and blood of Christ coexists with the substance of the consecrated bread and wine
Episcopalianism
the theological doctrine of church government by bishops
Byzantinism, Caesaropapism, Erastianism
the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
Hinayanism
the religious doctrine of Hinayana Buddhism
Jansenism
the Roman Catholic doctrine of Cornelis Jansen and his disciples; salvation is limited to those who are subject to supernatural determinism and the rest are assigned to perdition
Mahayanism
the religious doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism
Marcionism
the Christian heresy of the 2nd and 3rd centuries that rejected the Old Testament and denied the incarnation of God in Jesus as a human
chiliasm, millenarianism, millenarism, millenniumism
belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
Monophysitism
a Christian heresy of the 5th and 6th centuries that challenged the orthodox definition of the two natures (human and divine) in Jesus and instead believed there was a single divine nature
Monothelitism
the theological doctrine that Christ had only one will even though he had two natures (human and divine); condemned as heretical in the Third Council of Constantinople
Nestorianism
the theological doctrine (named after Nestorius) that Christ is both the son of God and the man Jesus (which is opposed to Roman Catholic doctrine that Christ is fully God)
Pelagianism
the theological doctrine put forward by Pelagius which denied original sin and affirmed the ability of humans to be righteous; condemned as heresy by the Council of Ephesus in 431
Quakerism
the theological doctrine of the Society of Friends characterized by opposition to war and rejection of ritual and a formal creed and an ordained ministry
rationalism
the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth
reincarnation
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that a person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of Hell) depending on the person's own actions
Rosicrucianism
the theological doctrine that venerates the rose and the cross as symbols of Christ's Resurrection and redemption; claims various occult powers
synergism
the theological doctrine that salvation results from the interaction of human will and divine grace
total depravity
the Calvinist doctrine that everyone is born in a state of corruption as a result of original sin
transubstantiation
the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and the wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist
universalism
the theological doctrine that all people will eventually be saved
Nativity, Virgin Birth
the theological doctrine that Jesus Christ had no human father; Christians believe that Jesus's birth fulfilled Old Testament prophecies and was attended by miracles; the Nativity is celebrated at Christmas
Docetism
the heretical doctrine (associated with the Gnostics) that Jesus had no human body and his sufferings and death on the cross were apparent rather than real
Gnosticism
a religious orientation advocating gnosis as the way to release a person's spiritual element; considered heresy by Christian churches
Zurvanism
a heretical Zoroastrian doctrine holding that Zurvan was the ultimate source of the universe and that both Ahura Mazda and Ahriman were Zurvan's offspring
election
the predestination of some individuals as objects of divine mercy (especially as conceived by Calvinists)
Mandaeanism, Mandeanism
a Gnostic religion originating the 2nd and 3rd centuries that believes John the Baptist was the Messiah and that incorporates Jewish and Christian elements into a framework of dualistic beliefs
deism, free thought
the form of theological rationalism that believes in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation
Type of:
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought
a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school

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