steroid

Definitions of steroid
  1. noun
    any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects
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    types:
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    ketosteroid
    a steroid containing a ketone group
    steroid alcohol, sterol
    any of a group of natural steroid alcohols derived from plants or animals; they are waxy insoluble substances
    bile acid
    any of the steroid acids generated in the liver and stored with bile
    cardiac glucoside, cardiac glycoside
    obtained from a number of plants and used to stimulate the heart in cases of heart failure
    androsterone
    an androgenic hormone that is less active than testosterone
    Estronol, estrone, oestrone, theelin
    a naturally occurring weak estrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary; synthesized (trade name Estronol) and used to treat estrogen deficiency
    Cortone Acetate, cortisone
    a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
    cholesterin, cholesterol
    an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
    ergosterol
    a plant sterol that is converted into vitamin D by ultraviolet radiation
    cholic acid
    an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile
    digitalin, digitalis, digitalis glycoside
    a powerful cardiac stimulant obtained from foxglove
    type of:
    organic compound
    any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
  2. noun
    any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
    synonyms: sex hormone, steroid hormone
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    progestin, progestogen
    any of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone
    androgen, androgenic hormone
    male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical male sexual characteristics
    estrogen, oestrogen
    a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
    adrenal cortical steroid, corticoid, corticosteroid
    a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response
    anabolic steroid
    any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones used to stimulate muscle and bone growth; more than 100 have been developed and each requires a prescription to be used legally in the United States; sometimes used illicitly by athletes to increase their strength
    Lipo-Lutin, progesterone
    a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
    megestrol, megestrol acetate
    a synthetic progestational compound used to treat endometrial carcinoma
    Norlutin, norethandrolone, norethindrone, norethindrone acetate
    a synthetic progestational hormone (trade name Norlutin) used in oral contraceptives and to treat endometriosis
    norethynodrel
    a progesterone derivative used in oral contraceptives and in the control of menstruation and the treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding
    norgestrel
    synthetic progestin used in oral contraceptives
    Provera, medroxyprogesterone
    a progestin compound (trade name Provera) used to treat menstrual disorders
    androsterone
    an androgenic hormone that is less active than testosterone
    methyltestosterone
    an androgenic compound contained in drugs that are used to treat testosterone deficiency and female breast cancer and to stimulate growth and weight gain
    Durabolin, Kabolin, nandrolone
    an androgen (trade names Durabolin or Kabolin) that is used to treat testosterone deficiency or breast cancer or osteoporosis
    testosterone
    a potent androgenic hormone produced chiefly by the testes; responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
    DES, diethylstilbestrol, diethylstilboestrol, stilbestrol, stilboestrol
    a potent estrogen used in medicine and in feed for livestock and poultry
    estradiol, oestradiol
    the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
    estriol, oestriol
    a naturally occurring estrogenic hormone; a synthetic form is used to treat estrogen deficiency
    Estronol, estrone, oestrone, theelin
    a naturally occurring weak estrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary; synthesized (trade name Estronol) and used to treat estrogen deficiency
    hexestrol
    estrogen compound used to treat menstrual irregularities and menopausal symptoms and to prevent pregnancy
    mestranol
    a synthetic form of estrogen used in combination with a progestin in oral contraceptives
    mineralocorticoid
    hormone that is one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences the metabolism of sodium and potassium
    glucocorticoid
    a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
    Cortef, Hydrocortone, cortisol, hydrocortisone
    an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
    Cortone Acetate, cortisone
    a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
    Decadron, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon, dexamethasone
    a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
    Aldactone, spironolactone
    a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
    Aristocort, Aristopak, Kenalog, triamcinolone
    a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
    type of:
    endocrine, hormone, internal secretion
    the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
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