somatic cell

A somatic cell is any cell that makes up an organism, except for a reproductive cell. For example, the cells that make up your skin are all somatic cells.

Certain cells in a living organism aid in reproduction, dividing or fusing during the reproductive process. Somatic cells are all of the other cells in that organism, such as the ones that make up bones, blood, and organs in mammals. The adjective somatic means "of the body," from the Greek word somatikos, also "of the body," with its root of soma, "body, mass, person, or human being."

Definitions of somatic cell

n any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes

somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells”
vegetative cell
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skin cell
any of the cells making up the skin
epithelial cell
one of the closely packed cells forming the epithelium
neoplastic cell
a cell that is part of tumor
bone cell
a cell that is part of a bone
blood cell, blood corpuscle, corpuscle
either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets
phagocyte, scavenger cell
a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms
visual cell
one of the cells of the retina that is sensitive to light
adipose cell, fat cell
cells composed of fat
muscle cell, muscle fiber, muscle fibre
an elongated contractile cell that forms the muscles of the body
Schwann cell
any cell that covers the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system and forms the myelin sheath
nerve cell, neuron
a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell
a cell of the neuroglia
a hybrid cell resulting from the fusion of a lymphocyte and a tumor cell; used to culture a specific monoclonal antibody
labrocyte, mast cell, mastocyte
a large connective tissue cell that contains histamine and heparin and serotonin which are released in allergic reactions or in response to injury or inflammation
stem cell
an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into other cell types (such as blood cells)
target cell
any cell that has a specific receptor for an antigen or antibody or hormone or drug, or is the focus of contact by a virus or phagocyte or nerve fiber etc.
epidermal cell
any of the cells making up the epidermis
prickle cell
a cell in the germinal layer of the skin (the prickle-cell layer); has many spines and radiating processes
columnar cell, columnar epithelial cell
an epithelial cell that is shaped like a column; some have cilia
cuboidal cell, cuboidal epithelial cell
an epithelial cell that shaped like a cube
goblet cell
an epithelial cell that secretes mucous
hair cell
a sensory epithelial cell present in the organ of Corti
squamous cell
an epithelial cell that is flat like a plate and form a single layer of epithelial tissue
gustatory cell, taste cell
an epithelial cell in a taste bud that activates sensory fibers of the facial nerve or the glossopharyngeal nerve or the vagus nerve
gangliocyte, ganglion cell
a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system
cancer cell
a cell that is part of a malignant tumor
a large bone marrow cell; regarded as the source of blood platelets
cell that functions in the breakdown and resorption of bone tissue
mature bone cell
WBC, leucocyte, leukocyte, white blood cell, white blood corpuscle, white cell, white corpuscle
blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system
packed cells
a preparation of blood cells separated from the liquid plasma
a large phagocyte; some are fixed and other circulate in the blood stream
fixed phagocyte
a phagocyte that does not circulate in the blood but is fixed in the liver or spleen or bone marrow etc.
free phagocyte
a phagocyte that circulates in the blood
RBC, erythrocyte, red blood cell
a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus
cone, cone cell, retinal cone
a visual receptor cell in the retina that is sensitive to bright light and to color
retinal rod, rod, rod cell
a visual receptor cell that is sensitive to dim light
striated muscle cell, striated muscle fiber
an elongated contractile cell in striated muscle tissue
smooth muscle cell
cells of the smooth muscles
brain cell
a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron
a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron
a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
comparatively large neuroglial cell
a cell of the microglia that may become phagocytic and collect waste products of nerve tissue
a cell of the oligodendroglia
hematopoeitic stem cell
blood forming stem cells in the bone marrow; T cells and B cells arise from these stem cells
Type of:
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals

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