shortage

A shortage is a lack of something, especially a severe lack. A drought is a shortage of water.

When there's a shortage, there's not enough of something. If you don't have enough money to pay your bills, you have a shortage of money. A bad football team may have a shortage of good players. This kind of shortage is like a deficit or shortfall. A shortage can also be a severe dearth of something, like a famine, which is a lack of food. If there's a drought because of little rainfall, that's a serious shortage.

Definitions of shortage
  1. noun
    the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required
    synonyms: deficit, shortfall
    see moresee less
    types:
    oxygen deficit
    temporary oxygen shortage in cells resulting from strenuous exercise
    type of:
    deficiency, inadequacy, insufficiency
    lack of an adequate quantity or number
  2. noun
    an acute insufficiency
    synonyms: dearth, famine
    see moresee less
    type of:
    deficiency, lack, want
    the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
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