Saturated means drenched and full. When you fish out a slice of bread that’s fallen into your water glass and find it’s disgustingly spongy and waterlogged, it’s saturated.

Saturated originally meant “satisfied," but by the 1700s it could mean “soaked thoroughly.” In the twentieth century it developed marketing connotations, as in a saturated market — one without room for competition. In chemistry, saturated refers to an organic compound, like a fatty acid, that contains the highest number of hydrogen atoms possible. When it comes to color, saturated means pure, or undiluted with white, grey, or black.

Definitions of saturated
  1. adjective
    being the most concentrated solution possible at a given temperature; unable to dissolve still more of a substance
    “a saturated solution”
    synonyms: concentrated
    being more concentrated than normally possible and therefore not in equilibrium
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    not saturated; capable of dissolving more of a substance at a given temperature
  2. adjective
    used especially of organic compounds; having all available valence bonds filled
    saturated fats”
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    used of a compound (especially of carbon) containing atoms sharing more than one valence bond
    (of long-chain carbon compounds especially fats) saturated except for one multiple bond
    (of long-chain carbon compounds especially fats) having many unsaturated bonds
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  3. adjective
    (of color) being chromatically pure; not diluted with white or grey or black
    synonyms: pure
    intense, vivid
    (of color) having the highest saturation
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    (of color) not chromatically pure; diluted
    (of color) very low in saturation; highly diluted
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