ribonucleic acid

Definitions of ribonucleic acid
  1. noun
    (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell
    ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses”
    synonyms: RNA
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    informational RNA, mRNA, messenger RNA, template RNA
    the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
    nRNA, nuclear RNA
    ribonucleic acid found in the nucleolus of the cell
    acceptor RNA, soluble RNA, tRNA, transfer RNA
    RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)
    type of:
    a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
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