In the same way that an “industrial area” is a place of industry where people work, a residential area is made up of houses and apartment buildings — places where people reside.

Residential is an adjective that expresses a relationship with homes, apartments, or any place where people live. You might refer to a residential building, a residential neighborhood, or a residential block. Something that is deemed “for residential use” is designed for use at home or rather than for business or commercial use.

Definitions of residential
  1. adjective
    of or relating to or connected with residence
    “a residential requirement for the doctorate”
  2. adjective
    used or designed for residence or limited to residences
    “a residential hotel”
    “a residential quarter”
    “a residential college”
    residential zoning”
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    not residential
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